Herpes zoster herpes in children
Shingles of herpes in children is a sporadic disease resulting from the activation of the latent Varicela zoster virus located in the intervertebral ganglia and is characterized by symptoms of intoxication, pain syndrome and characteristic skin rashes.
For the first time, the attention of the Hungarian pediatrician Bocai drew attention to the relationship between chickenpox and herpes zoster. In 1888, he reported cases of children with chicken pox in families where there were patients with herpes zoster.
Shingles of herpes in children can occur only when a combination of circumstances. This decrease in immunity and infection with the virus Varizela-zoster. The source of infection can be an adult or older children, sick with chicken pox or herpes zoster. Children under 10 years are extremely ill. A patient with herpes zoster can be a source of infection for chickenpox, and vice versa, but such cases are rare. The path of transmission of infection – airborne or contact-household. Increased morbidity occurs during the cold season, but usually it is sporadic cases.
In children, herpes zoster is transmitted by contact with a sick person of any age. After the primary infection caused by Varizela-zoster, it is possible to switch it into a latent form, in which the virus is localized in the spinal, trigeminal, sacral and other nerve ganglia with possible subsequent endogenous reactivation of the infection.