All about the hernia of the white abdominal line in children
During embryogenesis, at various stages of the development of the fetus, certain elements, layers of tissues of the white line of the abdomen, are not properly formed and completely formed. These defects include aplasia of the anterior abdominal wall, hernia of various localization (inguinal, umbilical, embryonic, diaphragmatic). The hernia of the white abdominal line is found mainly in adult children (more often in children 5-7 years). It is rarely infringed, does not show a tendency to self-closure.
There are many factors that contribute to the emergence and even progression of this pathological condition. Hereditary propensity leads to the appearance of hernias, it, in fact, is the most common cause of all ailments. The white line of the abdomen, which is directed from the xiphoid process to the pubis, is the line of intersection of aponeuroses of the rectus abdominis muscles. It is here that hernia can form.
Distinguish factors that increase intra-abdominal pressure, and circumstances that weaken the anterior abdominal wall. The latter include weight loss, abdominal trauma, abdominal surgery and diseases that deplete children.
Factors that increase pressure in the abdominal cavity:
- Postoperative scars on the tummy;
- Hereditary predisposition;
- Constant constipation;
- Prolonged sore cough or scream;
- Physical overstrain;