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Hemoglobin in children: the norm by age in the table, the reasons for the decrease and increase

We will discuss the norm of hemoglobin in the blood in children by age – a detailed table

The concept of hemoglobin is familiar to everyone, but not many understand the meaning behind it. But it is he who is the most important indicator of the functioning of the body.

Different factors can influence the change in the norm. Among them: the age of the child, his physiological and psychological state, the level of iron in the body, as well as the presence of an infectious disease at the time of taking the analysis.

How much should the hemoglobin have in a child, which means an increased rate and why does it decrease, what is so dangerous high or low? Let’s understand!

Hemoglobin is a complex protein, which is contained in red blood cells (erythrocytes) and has iron in its structure.

Its main duty is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues (bodies) in return for carbon dioxide. In other words, hemoglobin deficiency means that the small body lacks oxygen.

In the first year of life in a baby, the level of hemoglobin will be checked by the pediatrician on a monthly basis.

The first analysis of the protein baby passes in the maternity hospital.

In general, the change in the indicator depends on the age of the child. In the first year of life he will constantly change.


When anemia is not worth feeding the baby rice and semolina porridge more than 2 times a day, because the gluten contained in them prevents the absorption of iron.

Also, if a child's hemoglobin is overestimated, the baby should not be weaned from the breast before the first year.

This is explained high bioavailability of iron in breast milk (50%), which indicates a good absorption of useful trace elements, than when other foodstuffs are supplied.

It is also not recommended to give tea to children under 2 years old. As you know, he is able to remove iron from the body.

Why a child can have a low or high level of hemoglobin, what are the main causes and consequences of its decrease or increase in blood, Dr. Komarovsky will tell in the following video:

Hemoglobin is a very important indicator of the state of children's health. If it decreases or increases, it is necessary to immediately call the doctor and, according to his recommendations, start treatment.

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