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Glaucoma in children and newborns: the causes, signs and symptoms of congenital and other forms of the disease, diagnosis and treatment

Why develop and how dangerous glaucoma in children, how to treat and prevent the disease?

Glaucoma in children is a serious eye disease, deriving its name from the greenish tone of the dilated and motionless pupil in the course of an acute attack. Another disease is known as green cataract.

To date, there is no one understanding of the factors that lead to its occurrence, and the pathogenesis of the problem. And the definition of the disease is not so obvious.

Glaucoma is characterized by regular or periods of increased intraocular pressure (IOP).

It involves the development of trophic disorders in the ways of outflow of the intraocular fluid, in the optic nerve and retina, which provokes characteristic visual field disturbances, as well as the development of the marginal indentation in the optic nerve.

The term glaucoma is understood to mean more than 60 different conditions, assuming such differences:

  • persistently or periodically increased intracranial pressure;
  • damage to the fibers of the optic nerve, leading to later atrophy of the latter;

    They suffer only one newborn per 10000-2000. Consider that glaucoma lead to incurable blindness.

    Problem is congenital and acquired. The main factors that lead to congenital form in newborns are the following:

    • intrauterine infection in the mother during the gestation process;

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