Clinical manifestations and treatment of the most frequent pathologies of the larynx in children
Laryngitis is a disease that is based on the inflammatory process in the larynx of any etiology. The most common acute form of pathology, which can be either a separate unit or a manifestation (which happens more often) of other pathological conditions (ORI, etc.). Most often, laryngitis occurs in combination with inflammation of the nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, the symptomatology of the disease is not pronounced, and recovery usually occurs spontaneously.
Usually, laryngitis develops in the presence of contributing factors: hypothermia, pronounced stress on the vocal cords, infectious diseases of other organs, contact with various substances that irritate the mucous membrane, a metabolic disorder, the presence of gastroesophageal reflux, allergies. Therefore, the treatment of this pathology should include not only the therapy of the underlying disease, but also the identification and elimination of the cause that caused it.
Diagnosis of the disease is carried out endoscopically. Laryngitis of any etiology is accompanied by vasodilation and redness of the vocal folds. In the case of severe damage, there is a disruption in the work of the muscles and mobility of the ligaments.
Inflammation of the larynx, the cause of which is an infectious agent, usually has a gradual onset, arises against a background of a satisfactory condition, without pronounced fever. The main complaints of the patient are: a change in the timbre of the voice (hoarse and coarse), aphonia, a feeling of dryness, itching and burning in the throat, a dry cough of an unproductive nature, which gradually becomes wet with the separation of a large amount of sputum.