Diabetes mellitus type 2
Diabetes mellitus type 2 develops most often in old age due to metabolic disorders and chronic pancreatic diseases. However, to date, endocrinologists are increasingly diagnosing type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. This is due to the deterioration of environmental factors. Of low importance is the low quality of food consumed, in which a large portion is occupied by refined carbohydrates. Parents should know the main symptoms of type 2 diabetes in children in order to recognize it in a timely manner. This will prevent the risk of complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In humans, the pancreas is located behind the stomach in the abdominal cavity. In diseases it gives symptoms of shingling pain of a burning acute or blunt character. It performs two main functions: the production of pancreatic juice, which is involved in the process of digestion, and the production of the hormone insulin. Insulin is the key hormone that controls the flow of glucose (sugar), the main energy substance, into the cell.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 used to be called insulin-independent diabetes. Due to the fact that the treatment of the disease did not include the use of injections of artificial insulin. At present, some patients with type 2 diabetes require insulin administration, but for this type of diabetes mellitus insulin therapy is not the main method of treatment.
Causes of type 2 diabetes mellitus descend with the etiological factors of type 1 diabetes. The metabolism and production of the hormone insulin is also important here.
1. Atherosclerotic lesions of the arteries, leading to a violation of blood circulation in the heart, legs, vessels of the brain and in severe cases to the development of ischemic stroke and other pathological conditions.
2. Diabetic nephropathy (diabetes-related kidney disease).
3. Diabetic retinopathy (diabetes-related retinal disease).
4. Diabetic neuropathy (degeneration of nervous tissue).
5. Ulcers and infection of the lower legs and feet.
6. Increased susceptibility to infections, for example, urinary tract infections.
How to eliminate the consequences of type 2 diabetes mellitus
All possible consequences of type 2 diabetes can be excluded with the help of the exact observance of the recommendations of the attending physician. It should be remembered that such a diagnosis - this is not a sentence. Currently, the level of development of medicine allows people with diabetes to lead an active lifestyle and not give out to others signs of having such a terrible metabolic disturbance.
Diabetes of type 2 is usually controlled with the help of the right diet and tablets. Therefore, it is important for parents to know the basic rules of behavior and treatment tactics. Be sure to inform all adults who are involved in your child's life about having a problem with insulin. Tell them how to properly behave and provide medical care in the case of development in the baby hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Watch that the child was able to independently determine the level of sugar in the blood and knew how to make it correct.