Delay in the formation of speech in children
jpg width = 500 “height = 380” / gt; The speech development delay is formed, when the child does not start during the talk. Speech arises from the impact of certain psycho-emotional triggers, with hearing impairment, with the development of autism, in patients with infantile cerebral palsy, in conjunction with a delay in mental development. Also, slowing the formation of correct speech can occur after neonatal disorders in the health of the child. In addition to these reasons, a significant factor slowing the appearance of speech is considered bilingualism, that is, when a child’s parents are not of one nationality and speak different languages.
Verbal reactions are realized through speech, as a motor act. The articulatory apparatus helps in this process, without which normal speech can not appear. Language is a system of symbols through which two individuals speak. The human mind is not a linguistic thinking, that is, a person does not think in English, Japanese or Russian. Thinking takes place through images and symbols. To ensure that it is transformed into linguistic elements in the brain, complex reactions of the biochemical and neurometabolic types must pass and pass. In order for the speech to develop fully correctly, several conditions are necessary:
- The kid must see. From the very beginning of his extrauterine existence, his vision should be normal, because with his help the child will repeat after the movements of the parents;
- The child should have hearing, because he is obliged to hear what he says;
- In the body of the baby, a healthy nervous system with ideal nerve impulse transmission paths is needed;
- Anatomy of the face, tongue, facial muscles, respiratory system should be physiological and without any deviations.