What is dangerous cytomegalovirus for children
There are a number of viruses that, if ingested, remain there for life. These include the cytomegalovirus, which affects almost half the world’s population. Given that the active development of the problem can get with reduced immunity and it is very hard to tolerate by young children, it is important for parents to be aware of the symptoms and the main methods of treating the disease.
Very often this disease is compared with herpes, which is not accidental, because they both belong to the same family. Literally, cytomegalovirus is translated as a virus that creates giant cells. When ingested, it can act on any organs, destroying the structure of their cells, because of which the latter significantly increase in size and fill with liquid.
In childhood, the disease occurs in about one in five children, in adults, in every second child. It is almost impossible to clearly establish when and how the microorganism got into the body. Since the incubation period is on average two months, the danger of recognizing is very difficult. Despite the fact that the discovery of the virus took place more than half a century ago, the problem has not been fully studied yet.
Remark of the doctor: cytomegalovirus is still a subject of heated discussions in medical circles, therefore parents very often can receive various information on the complexity of the problem from one or another specialist. The only thing you should not doubt is that a microorganism leads to a serious illness only when the child’s immunity is greatly weakened. In other cases, the process is asymptomatic.
Antibodies of type IgM - negative, type IgG - positive
Formed lifelong immunity to the pathogen.
Based on the results of a general blood test, suspected development of cytomegalovirus can occur with pronounced lymphocytosis and normal leukocyte count. If the disease becomes severe flow, anemia and a decrease in the level of erythrocytes.
Biochemical analysis allows to reveal the degree of avidity of antibodies (how firmly they are associated with the virus against which the organism was developed). So, if it is determined that the level of avidity is high, then the virus is no longer active and resistant immunity (norm) has been developed to it. Low avidity indicates the functioning of the microorganism in the body.
Checking the polymerase chain reaction on the baby's fluids (it can be not only blood or urine, but also saliva, sputum and scrapes) involves the detection of the virus DNA in the cells. The quantitative form of the study makes it possible to judge how active the disease is at the moment based on the degree of reproduction of the virus. However, this analysis can not be the only reason for the diagnosis, since it determines DNA even if the virus is not active and is in a latent state.