Главная 7 Children's diseases 7 Cystic fibrosis in children and newborns – what kind of disease, signs, symptoms and causes, diagnosis and treatment with a photo

Cystic fibrosis in children and newborns – what kind of disease, signs, symptoms and causes, diagnosis and treatment with a photo

Cystic Fibrosis: a disease that is important to recognize at birth

Genetic diseases are now becoming more common. The achievements of modern medicine allowed to look inside the human genetic code. Hereditary pathologies often create problems for the work of not only one organ, but the whole organism as a whole. In most cases, the breakdown of genes is evident from the moment the baby comes into the world. Such pathologies include cystic fibrosis.

All the activity of the organism is under the control of a harmonious orchestra – the brain and its assistants. The latter are dominated by anatomical formations – glands. Their main role is to isolate a particular substance – a secret. All glands in the body are divided into two main types. The first secret secret only in the blood and are called glands of internal secretion. To such organs carry a thyroid gland, a pituitary body. Glands of external secretion have a message with different body cavities: bronchial tree, intestine, stomach, esophagus.

Glands with ducts are referred to exocrine (external secretion)

Any gland consists of two parts. In one are the cells that produce the secret. In the other there is a lumen-excretory duct. Such glands are scattered throughout the body. They are contained in the skin and produce sweat and sebum. In the orbit there is a tear gland producing a necessary tear for the eye. In the oral cavity discharge ducts of large and small salivary glands – parotid, sublingual, submandibular. Saliva begins the process of digestion in the mouth.


Changes in the sex glands are an inevitable consequence of cystic fibrosis. The boys are completely clogged with the ducts of the testes, which leads to sterility and the inability to have offspring in the future. Girls are clogged with the appendages of the uterus. In reproductive age, this cause leads to infertility.

A defective cystic fibrosis gene is more common than the disease itself. The disease occurs only if two defective genes are found in the genetic set of the child. If at least one of the parents has given the right gene, the disease will not develop. Patients with cystic fibrosis rarely reach puberty and at the same time can give rise to a new life.

In connection with this circumstance, the meeting of two partners with a defective gene is the main mechanism for the appearance of a sick child. It is called an autosomal-recessive type of inheritance. Sex does not matter. The probability of the birth of an infant with cystic fibrosis is 25%. However, it exists at the first and every subsequent pregnancy of a woman in a similar family. In the family tree of partners can be seen cases of severe broncho-pulmonary, intestinal diseases, infertility among blood relatives.

The severity of the disease depends heavily on the number of cells with a defective gene. In some cases, they contain a different genetic set. This phenomenon is called mosaicism. Its roots go to the beginning of life, when a person is a group of identical cells. Those of them that have received a healthy gene do not lead to changes in the organs. The latter can contain both kinds of cells. In this regard, the severity of the signs of the disease can vary greatly.

О admin

x

Check Also

Suprax Suspension for Children: instructions for use, prices and reviews

Expensive, but effective; antibiotic Suprax for children: instruction on the use of suspension, opinion; and; ...

Suspension Nimulide: instruction for children, prices and reviews

Suspension Nimulide; instructions for use for children, indications and restrictions on admission Some diseases can ...

Biseptol Suspension for Children: instruction manual, price and reviews

Suspension Biseptol for treatment of children from 2 months: instructions for use, pluses and minuses ...

Suspension Augmentin for children: instructions for use, price and reviews

Suspension Augmentin for children: instructions for use, the dosage of the drug and the opinions ...

Sumamed in tablets and capsules: instructions for use for children, reviews and prices for the drug

Sumamed in tablets and capsules; instructions for use for children and the effectiveness of a ...

Ringworm in children on the head and body: photos, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Ringworm in children: underlying causes, symptoms and ways of treatment Ringworm (microsporia) is a fungal ...

Streptodermia in children: photos of symptoms, how it starts, treatment at home

How does streptodermia begin in children, photos of the disease, how to treat and prevent ...

Stenosis of the larynx in children: causes and symptoms, treatment and prevention of disease

Stenosis of the larynx in children: peculiarities of the course and methods of treatment The ...

Terms for erupting permanent teeth in children: the order of the shift, a visual chart, as well as the accompanying symptoms and photos, what the process looks like

Approximate order and timing of eruption of permanent teeth in children Changing the teeth of ...

List of effective cough syrups for children from the year with instructions

Cough syrups for children from year to year: what and when to give? In cold, ...

List of things for newborns for the first time and advice on choosing

How to make a list of things for newborns for the first time: useful advice ...

Specific prevention of influenza and antiviral treatment

Specific prevention of influenza and antiviral treatment More than 500 viruses that cause a variety ...

Sleeping bag for newborns: how to sew, knit or choose, reviews of moms and doctors photos and videos

Sweet dreams: sleeping bags for newborns Even before the birth of the baby, parents are ...

Concussion in the child: symptoms and treatment (including at home), the effects of trauma and other aspects

Is it dangerous for the child to have a brain concussion Concussion occurs in 90% ...

Snot with teething in children, runny nose, stuffy nose and swelling of the nasopharynx: are there and how to treat?

A cause for concern? Sopli at the eruption of infant teeth in children Runny nose ...

Solar burns in children: first aid, means for the treatment and relief of pain (baby cream, bepantene and others), prevention and other recommendations photo

Sunburn in a child: traditional and folk remedies On a clear summer day it’s so ...

Mixed astigmatism in children: how does this species differ from others-congenital, myopic and others?

Types of astigmatism in children: mixed, congenital and other forms of the disease With astigmatism ...

Mixture of NAN for newborns: which is better to choose and how to feed

Mixture of NAS 1 for newborns – opinions of pediatricians and moms, selection features, rules ...

Mixture – Baby – reviews of parents, composition, instructions for use

Blend of Baby; compliance with quality standards and reviews For a small child who is ...

Smecta in powder: instructions for use for children, prices and reviews

Cleansed with smectic: instructions for use for children of different ages Smecta; a drug for ...

The case of rabies in a six-year-old girl: a sudden tragedy and impotence of modern medicine

Rabies in a child: a real case, patient management, consequences Rabies is a dangerous zoonotic ...

Slings for newborns and babies with their own hands: how to make at home or to sew photos, videos and reviews

Fashionable carrying for the kid by own hands Every year more and more people are ...

Sling scarf, including for newborns, how to tie, how to sew yourself and other video and reviews

Sling-scarf: how to wear a child in it Slings are very popular, which is why ...

Sling with rings: how to carry a newborn, how to tie, options, etc. photo, video, reviews

Sling with rings: how to tie and wear a newborn in it The appearance of ...