Conjunctivitis in children: symptoms and treatment
Inflammation, which is expressed in the redness of the surface of the eye, often accompanied by secretions in the form of pus.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that covers the eye’s white and the inner side of the eyelids.
Usually, the disease affects both eyes simultaneously – although one eye can first become inflamed, and then, after one or two days, the infection passes to the other eye. Inflammation can proceed asymmetrically, hitting one eye more than the other.
Conjunctivitis in children can arise from a variety of causes, and its treatment will depend on the nature of the onset of the disease.
Conjunctivitis is a common eye disease, it does not belong to a number of serious diseases, but can cause discomfort and irritation of the mucous membrane of the eye.
There are five different types of conjunctivitis, and each has its own reason.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is a disease caused by a bacterial infection, including staphylococci, streptococci or hemophilic bacteria. These organisms can get into the eyes of the patient from his own skin or from the upper respiratory tract, and also move from another person who has contracted conjunctivitis.
Viral conjunctivitis is often associated with ARVI. The disease can occur due to the action of a viral infection, called adenovirus. This type of conjunctivitis is characterized by a high rate of spread between people, and can lead to an epidemic of the disease.
The main treatment is to determine the source of the allergy, and try to avoid contact with the established allergen.
Trachoma is a special form of conjunctivitis that occurs in developing countries, particularly in parts of Africa and Asia.
The situation is aggravated by a lack of clean water, as the disease spreads in contact with other infected people and vectors (flies).
Trachoma is one of the most common causes of blindness worldwide, because a prolonged course of infection leads to damage to the eyes and eyelids.
The most effective treatment is to provide a source of clean water and eye hygiene.
Antibiotics are also effective in treating infection in the short term, but persistent relapse in the community leads to even more serious damage.
The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of a visual examination of the eyes and the history of the disease.
In some cases, a smear is taken from the eye for analysis - especially if no signs of improvement have been observed after standard treatment.
In especially severe cases, when for a long time there are no signs of improvement, it is necessary to seek the advice of an ophthalmologist.