Congenital clubfoot: causes, symptoms, treatment and prognosis
Having listened to the stories of grandmothers and girlfriends in the ward, often the first thing that a mother sees in a newly born child is the handles and legs, their presence, the number of fingers and their correct shape. Unfortunately, it sometimes happens that these fears are not groundless. In nature, there are a number of pathologies in which the normal development of the limbs of the future little man is disturbed. In the first place among such conditions is a congenital clubfoot. With this pathology, the baby’s foot already at birth has an irregular shape, or rather, an incorrect location in relation to the axis of the leg.
Despite the intensive development of medicine, until now no specific and precise reason for the appearance of this pathology could not be identified. There are many different theories, each has a number of supporters and opponents. A number of scientists put forward the pathological fusion of the amnion (fetal aquatic membrane) with the fetal limb surface during its intrauterine development. The second place is the mechanical theory, which explains the violation of the turn of the foot under external pressure on it during development. This can occur with increased uterus and malignancy (a place for the baby, pressure on the limb), myoma and other tumor-like formations in the uterus, pressure of the umbilical cord or amniotic strands (filaments formed in the fetal bladder) on the foot. And it is noticed that in boys the clubfoot occurs in 2 times more often than in girls.