Chronic adenoiditis in children – how to recognize and cure?
Adenoids are hypertrophied nasopharyngeal tonsils. This pathological condition is more characteristic of childhood. Difficult, or even completely blocking the nasal breathing, enlarged glands can provoke a lot of problems, up to the delay of the child’s development. The process of growth of nasopharyngeal tonsils is quite long, and at any stage of it, enlarged glands can become inflamed for various reasons. With the constant or recurrent nature of the pathology, we should talk about chronic adenoiditis.
Basic information about chronic adenoiditis in children
Despite the fact that adenoiditis sometimes affects adults (although in most of them pharyngeal tonsils regress and completely atrophy), the peak incidence falls on the children’s age from 3 to 6 years. In this case, a chronic form of pathology is recorded in about half of the patients.
Characterized by chronic adenoiditis is the constant presence of infection in the area of enlarged tonsils. These can be streptococci, staphylococci and other pathogenic microorganisms that provoke a slow inflammatory process. Exacerbations occur when:
- reduction of the body’s defenses in various infectious viral diseases;
- effects on the body of allergens.
Chronic adenoiditis is dangerous, including the fact that a developing infection can spread to other organs. This disease in the list of complications has infectious heart lesions (endocarditis and myocarditis), cardiovascular system (rheumatism), kidneys (glomerulonephritis), etc.