Black plaque on the teeth of the child – an occasion to take care of the health of the baby
Black plaque on the teeth – this is a fairly common phenomenon that can be observed in children of different ages and even in one-year-old babies.
Such teeth have a non-aesthetic appearance and are accompanied by an unpleasant odor. But most importantly – they often signal violations of the body.
Therefore, when black dental plaque is present, it is important to consult a doctor in time. And knowing the causes of this scourge, you can prevent its occurrence.
Black plaque on the child’s teeth can appear quite unexpectedly. Sometimes it looks like streaks or spots of irregular shape, and in some cases almost completely covers the surface of the teeth.
Changes are noticeable both on the outside and on the inside tooth surface.
The deposits on the enamel represent a mass consisting of food debris, dead particles of mucous membranes and various bacteria, both beneficial and pathogenic.
In the absence of hygiene or other reasons all this is gradually accumulating, turning into dense blackened sediments.
The causes of the appearance of a dark and black plaque on the teeth in children is quite a lot, from quite harmless to quite dangerous for the child. The most common of them are:
The most common reason why the culprits of discoloration of the teeth are specific bacteria that produce black pigment during their life. It settles on the enamel of the baby teeth, and disappears with age. On the new permanent teeth, the raid passes extremely rarely.
The reasons for the reproduction of these pigment-forming bacteria are still unknown. Plaque Priestley on the teeth of a child is not dangerous and is considered a purely aesthetic problem. You can delete it in the dentist’s office, but after a while the problem returns. With age, in most children, it disappears by itself.
Another common reason. Baby teeth of babies are especially prone development of caries, because the saliva of the child does not yet have sufficient bactericidal properties, which protect against uncontrolled reproduction of bacteria.
First the teeth turn yellow, and then, in the absence of treatment, they turn black. The development of caries affects the state of enamel, lack of hygiene, excessive consumption of sweet.
There is a misconception that a black plaque on baby teeth with caries in a child should not be treated, since they will still fall out. However, teeth change occurs gradually, and new molars can catch caries from dairy.
In some cases, blackened deposits may be a symptom of a so-called dysbacteriosis, when pathogenic bacteria predominate in the intestinal microflora.
The lack of this microelement in the body often provokes the appearance of a black plaque. This cause is established only with the help of laboratory tests.
Some babies are prescribed drugs with a lot of iron according to the indications, which can lead to the formation of deposits on the teeth. In this case, the black color of the plaque can turn into brown or purple hues.
Many children of saliva after the ingestion of food is produced in too small a quantity. As a result, the enamel is not sufficiently wetted and poorly cleaned. The accumulated food residue strengthens the work of various harmful bacteria.
If the child’s parents had blackened teeth in childhood, then the baby can become the owner of this defect.
They weaken the immunity of the child, and he can no longer cope with the pathogenic bacteria in the mouth. In addition, the baby has to take antibiotics that adversely affect the intestinal microflora. All this inevitably leads to a darkening of the tooth enamel.
With the constant use of a rubber nipple, one-year-old crumbs first turn yellow, and then black teeth. To avoid this, it is recommended that after the first teeth are cut through, discard the teat with a bottle and replace it with a plastic drinker.
Blackening of the enamel can be caused by brushing teeth with a paste with a lot of fluoride. By the way, most children’s pastes do not contain this microelement at all or includes a meager amount of it.
Most often, the causes of this should be sought in the problems of the period of intrauterine development of the child. These include: