Causes and features of his treatment in children
Diseases of the respiratory tract in children are considered the most frequent and urgent problem in pediatrics. These diseases arise from the effects of many factors and causes. However, the most frequent etiological factor is viruses. The influence of unfavorable environmental conditions, climate on the frequency of acute respiratory infections is undoubted. At the same time, population density in cities also affects morbidity, increasing it. Residents of the rural areas suffer from respiratory infections less often.
Respiratory diseases manifest themselves by various symptoms, since their appearance depends on the localization of the pathological process, its activity and etiology. However, the most common of these is mostly cough. About this symptom patients go to the doctor and begin to take appropriate treatment.
Cough is only a forced one-stage exhalation, which is caused by irritation of the cough center, and is mediated by contraction of the muscles of the chest, diaphragm and the walls of the bronchial tree, larynx and pharynx proper.
Cough is acute and chronic. Acute is called a cough, if it persists for up to 1 month. Chronic cough lasts more than 4 weeks. But do not forget that with pertussis, adenovirus infection, mycoplasma infection, acute cough persists up to 2 months.