What should I do if the child has blood from the nose?
Parents always care about the health of their baby, and any deviations from the normal state cause concern. Needless to say, if a child has had blood from the nose, this situation will be very frightening for any mother, and this is quite logical, because immediately concrete reasons can not be understood. The most important thing in this situation is not to panic, but to provide first aid and understand why it happened.
Many adults do not even experience it if such things happen to them, but it’s not right. Like a baby, there can be many reasons for this phenomenon, some of them are harmless, and some have serious consequences without appropriate medical care.
So, bleeding can be a consequence:
- trauma to the nose and mucosa. A feature of the nasal cavity is abundant supply of blood through a developed network of blood vessels, which are located in a dangerous proximity to the surface (the junction of the vessels is called the Kisselbach zone). Even a slight mechanical impact – a blow, a careless finger picking, which is not uncommon in children – can cause copious bleeding;
- diseases caused by viruses and bacteria of various kinds (eg, influenza or measles). One of the symptoms is some inflammation and loosening of the nasal mucosa, and the vessels closest to the surface begin to bleed;
- foreign objects. Children are curious, and they should not be allowed to play with too small subjects, especially without supervision. It is not uncommon for children to thrust a small part or toy into the nostril, and if they try to pull it, they injure the mucous membrane;
- use of drugs that narrow the blood vessels (Nazivin, Galazolin). Their long-term use makes the mucosa thinner, and therefore more sensitive to mechanical action;
- severe stress or increased blood pressure;
- fragility of blood vessels, which can be triggered by a lack of vitamin C or too dry air in the house. To fix this simply – it is necessary to provide the child with the necessary vitamins.