Blepharitis in children; main signs and causes
Blepharitis is an inflammation of the edge of the lower or upper eyelid. Such pathological processes are usually easy to treat, if you turn to specialists at the first sign of the disease. In a neglected state blepharitis can go on into a chronic form and subsequently lead to the development of complications in the form of other eye diseases.
Inflammatory processes of the edge of the eyelid, appearing with blepharitis, mainly spread on the front of the eyelid, on its outer side. Some forms of this disease can affect the inner part of the century, which is in contact with the eyeball.
Pathology does not have pronounced symptoms and is often invisible in acute course. This leads to the fact that in many patients the ailment is diagnosed already in chronic form.
The causative agents of blepharitis are most often the demodex mite and Staphylococcus aureus. Usually, during normal operation of the immune system, such microorganisms do not show negative activity in the body – this occurs when there are certain predisposing factors:
In childhood, the main cause of activation of pathogenic microorganisms is weak and unformed immunity, which can not protect the body.
In severe cases, in parallel with medical treatment can be used physiotherapy (electrophoresis, magnetotherapy). This allows you to achieve positive results in a shorter period.
Even with complications, the predictions of the treatment of blepharitis in children are almost always favorable, if adequate treatment is prescribed. But in the absence of this patient, against the backdrop of such a pathology complications can occur in the form of keratitis, deformation of the edge of the eyelid, reduction of visual acuity, triasiasis and halazion.
From the point of view of prevention, effective measures are:
- restriction of contact with chemicals and harmful substances causing inflammatory processes of the eye mucosa;
Blepharitis is not considered a dangerous disease, and even in the advanced stage, experts give a positive prognosis regarding treatment.
But this is not an excuse to ignore the disease completely: this illness does not pass by itself and with time can only disappear symptoms, but this is a temporary phenomenon that does not mean that the disease has passed by itself but is an indicator of the transition to a chronic form.