Главная 7 Children's diseases 7 Birth trauma of the brain: signs, diagnosis, treatment and consequences

Birth trauma of the brain: signs, diagnosis, treatment and consequences

Birth trauma of the brain

Birth trauma (RT) is a violation of the integrity of the tissues or organs of the fetus during labor, developing as a result of local action on the fetus of mechanical forces. The incidence of trauma in childbirth is 14-33 cases per 1000 live births, including a severe birth injury of 2-7 cases per 1000 live births. The frequency of detection of intracranial RT varies from 0.1 to 65-75%, depending on the age of the fetus, the qualifications of obstetricians and their tactics, and the diagnostic capabilities of the clinic. The death of newborns occurs in 2-3% of the total number of cases of severe birth trauma of the brain.

Among the factors contributing to birth trauma, the most significant is the incorrect relationship between the size of the pelvis of the mother and the fetus. From the mother’s side is the narrowed pelvis, stiffness of the soft tissues of the birth canal, the first birth, rapid delivery, weakness of labor, multiple pregnancy, low water. On the part of the fetus is a large head, abnormal presentation, malformations, prematurity, hypersomnia, hypoxia. Trauma can occur with obstetric manipulation (application of obstetric forceps, vacuum extractor, monitoring of fetal condition, cutting with a scalpel). The development of birth traumatism is facilitated by disruption of the formation of the elastic and collagen fibers of the fetus due to the pathological course of pregnancy, intrauterine infection, as well as venous congestion, swelling and loosening of the fetal tissues due to intrauterine hypoxia.

О admin

x

Check Also

Symptoms of concussion in the child: how to determine the first signs, other features and manifestations

Concussion in children: the first signs and symptoms Concussion in children requires careful monitoring of ...

Symptoms of obstructive bronchitis in children and the scheme of its treatment

What is obstructive bronchitis: symptoms and treatment of illness in children Obstructive form of bronchitis ...

Symptoms of intestinal infections in children, first aid and treatment

Acute intestinal infections in children: the types, symptoms and tactics of treatment Intestinal infections are ...

Symptoms and signs of laryngitis in newborns, infants and older children, depending on the form and stage of the disease

Laryngitis in children: features and signs of the disease In the treatment of laryngitis in ...

Symptoms and the first signs of brain concussion in school-age children, preschool, newborns and babies, as well as first aid and treatment

Symptoms of brain concussion in children: meaningful recommendations to parents Concussion is one of the ...

Symptoms and first signs of pneumonia in children, treatment tactics

Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia in children: symptoms, the first signs, tactics of therapy ...

Symptoms and first signs of appendicitis in children, diagnosis and treatment

Symptoms of appendicitis in children: the degree of development and the nature of the disease ...

Symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in children of different ages video

Symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in children of different ages The child is more exposed ...

Serous meningitis in children: symptoms, incubation period, consequences, treatment and prevention

Serous meningitis in children, its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment All parents pay special attention to ...

Seasonal flu in children: treatment, prevention of influenza in children up to a year and older

Influenza in children: symptoms and treatment Influenza in children (Grippus) Is an acute viral disease ...

Seborrheic dermatitis in children at different ages: treatment and other features photo

Seborrheic dermatitis or milk crust in small patients Young mothers are very worried about their ...

Candles for Teething Teeth in Children: How to Choose an Effective Anesthetic

Candles for teething children: we will tell about the most popular and effective preparations Teething ...

Candles Paracetamol for children: instructions for use, dosage and reviews

Candles for children Paracetamol: instructions for the use of an effective remedy against temperature and ...

Candles Panadol for children (125 and 250 mg): instructions for use, composition and form of the preparation of children’s drug

Candles for children Panadol; instructions for use, advantages, pros and cons The rise in temperature ...

Candles for children: what antipyretic drugs are recommended by pediatricians

Effective and quick-acting candles for children: a list of antipyretic agents recommended by pediatricians In ...

Candles for colds and SARS for children: a description of the most effective children’s products

Review of the most popular and effective candles for colds for children Pharmacists have come ...

Candles for constipation for children: the principle of action and the rules for choosing children’s laxatives for newborns, children up to a year and older 2-3 years

Candles for Constipation for Children: Features of Use, Safety, Best Drugs Problems with the intestines ...

Worm candles for children: the principle of action and a detailed list of drugs

Guests in the tummy of your baby; how to get rid of worms with the ...

Candles Corilip and Corilip-Neo for children: composition and instruction on the use of the drug

Candles Corilip and Corilip-Neo for children: admission rules, contraindications and drug prices How to help ...

Ibuprofen candles for children: benefit and harm to the child’s body, instructions for use, recommended forms of medicine for infants under one year and from 2-3 years, and interaction with other drugs

Ibuprofen for children: all the features and rules of the drug The need for non-steroid ...

Candles for children from hemorrhoids and cracks in the anus: an overview of the best means

The most effective and safe candles from hemorrhoids and cracks in the anus for children ...

Candles for children Viferon: instructions for use and dosage rules for an antiviral drug

To help Mom candles for children Viferon: instruction on the use of an antiviral drug ...

Viferon suppositories for the prophylaxis of viral diseases in children (acute respiratory viral infection, influenza): features of the drug

Viferon: effective remedy for the prevention of viral diseases in children Candles of Viferon; it ...

Candles Viferon for children under 1 year: from how many months can be used (instructions for use and dosage rules)

Antiviral suppositories Viferon: is it possible to use a remedy for children under one year ...