Главная 7 Children's diseases 7 Birth trauma in children (including newborns): damage to the cervical vertebra, fractures, dislocations and others, diagnosis, consequences

Birth trauma in children (including newborns): damage to the cervical vertebra, fractures, dislocations and others, diagnosis, consequences

Birth trauma in a newborn child

Damages that occur in the process of the birth act are recorded from 5 to 10% of cases, which are accompanied not only by impairments on the part of the child, but also by traumatism in the mother (vagina, uterus ruptures, fistula formation between the reproductive system and intestines). To date, they appear much less frequently than a few decades ago, but nevertheless can lead to serious complications, because injuries in newborns – a dangerous phenomenon.

Birth trauma is defined as damage to the baby of different localization and severity, which arise due to incorrect tactics of management or pathology of labor. Disturbances can be triggered by mechanical factors (when squeezing or pulling the fetus) or hypoxic (with insufficient transport of oxygen into the body of a future child) by factors.

Damage during the birth act may be of different nature, but it is this period of life that plays an important role in the further physical and mental development of the child. Distinguish:

  • skin – abrasions on the scalp and other parts of the body when using tools during childbirth;
  • subcutaneous fat;
  • muscles;
  • cephalohematoma – hemorrhage in the apodematous (a thin layer of connective tissue that covers the bone from the outside);
  • compression of the head – the bones of the child’s skull have properties for displacement, but during natural delivery under high vaginal pressure, deformation may occur.

  • Bleeding during childbirth can occur in different structures of the central nervous system and be of the following types:

    • epidural - the accumulation of blood between the skull and the dura mater;
    • subdural - hematoma under the dura mater;
    • intraventricular - hemorrhage into the internal formations of the brain - the ventricles;
    • Subarachnoidal - between the subarachnoid and mild membranes;
    • Parenchymal - hemorrhage into the soft tissues of the brain.

    Abnormal course of labor leads to hemorrhage in:

    The immediate cause of injury is the use of physical stimulation during labor, for example:

    • use of obstetric forceps or vacuum extractor;
    • turning the fruit by the foot;
    • incorrect cesarean section.

    It aggravates fetal damage and oxygen deficiency (hypoxia), which in some cases leads to hemorrhage even without injury to blood vessels.

    The provoking factors of this pathology are:

    The mismatch between the fetus and the pelvis of the mother

    • a large fruit;
    • narrow pelvis;
    • anomalies of the development of the pelvis in the mother;
    • Hypoplasia of the uterus (underdevelopment).

О admin

x

Check Also

Symptoms of intestinal infections in children, first aid and treatment

Acute intestinal infections in children: the types, symptoms and tactics of treatment Intestinal infections are ...

Symptoms and signs of laryngitis in newborns, infants and older children, depending on the form and stage of the disease

Laryngitis in children: features and signs of the disease In the treatment of laryngitis in ...

Symptoms and the first signs of brain concussion in school-age children, preschool, newborns and babies, as well as first aid and treatment

Symptoms of brain concussion in children: meaningful recommendations to parents Concussion is one of the ...

Symptoms and first signs of pneumonia in children, treatment tactics

Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia in children: symptoms, the first signs, tactics of therapy ...

Symptoms and first signs of appendicitis in children, diagnosis and treatment

Symptoms of appendicitis in children: the degree of development and the nature of the disease ...

Symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in children of different ages video

Symptoms and treatment of sinusitis in children of different ages The child is more exposed ...

Serous meningitis in children: symptoms, incubation period, consequences, treatment and prevention

Serous meningitis in children, its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment All parents pay special attention to ...

Seasonal flu in children: treatment, prevention of influenza in children up to a year and older

Influenza in children: symptoms and treatment Influenza in children (Grippus) Is an acute viral disease ...

Seborrheic dermatitis in children at different ages: treatment and other features photo

Seborrheic dermatitis or milk crust in small patients Young mothers are very worried about their ...

Candles for Teething Teeth in Children: How to Choose an Effective Anesthetic

Candles for teething children: we will tell about the most popular and effective preparations Teething ...

Candles Paracetamol for children: instructions for use, dosage and reviews

Candles for children Paracetamol: instructions for the use of an effective remedy against temperature and ...

Candles Panadol for children (125 and 250 mg): instructions for use, composition and form of the preparation of children’s drug

Candles for children Panadol; instructions for use, advantages, pros and cons The rise in temperature ...

Candles for children: what antipyretic drugs are recommended by pediatricians

Effective and quick-acting candles for children: a list of antipyretic agents recommended by pediatricians In ...

Candles for colds and SARS for children: a description of the most effective children’s products

Review of the most popular and effective candles for colds for children Pharmacists have come ...

Candles for constipation for children: the principle of action and the rules for choosing children’s laxatives for newborns, children up to a year and older 2-3 years

Candles for Constipation for Children: Features of Use, Safety, Best Drugs Problems with the intestines ...

Worm candles for children: the principle of action and a detailed list of drugs

Guests in the tummy of your baby; how to get rid of worms with the ...

Candles Corilip and Corilip-Neo for children: composition and instruction on the use of the drug

Candles Corilip and Corilip-Neo for children: admission rules, contraindications and drug prices How to help ...

Ibuprofen candles for children: benefit and harm to the child’s body, instructions for use, recommended forms of medicine for infants under one year and from 2-3 years, and interaction with other drugs

Ibuprofen for children: all the features and rules of the drug The need for non-steroid ...

Candles for children from hemorrhoids and cracks in the anus: an overview of the best means

The most effective and safe candles from hemorrhoids and cracks in the anus for children ...

Candles for children Viferon: instructions for use and dosage rules for an antiviral drug

To help Mom candles for children Viferon: instruction on the use of an antiviral drug ...

Viferon suppositories for the prophylaxis of viral diseases in children (acute respiratory viral infection, influenza): features of the drug

Viferon: effective remedy for the prevention of viral diseases in children Candles of Viferon; it ...

Candles Viferon for children under 1 year: from how many months can be used (instructions for use and dosage rules)

Antiviral suppositories Viferon: is it possible to use a remedy for children under one year ...

Candles Viferon 500 000 for children: instruction on the use of a popular drug

Candles Viferon 500 000 for children: instruction on the use and effectiveness of the antiviral ...

Viburkol candles for children: instruction manual, opinions – for – and – against

Homeopathic Viburkol suppositories for children: instructions for use, advantages and disadvantages Until now, there are ...