Atopic dermatitis – what is it?
Currently, there is an increase in allergic diseases worldwide. Virtually every fifth child, according to WHO, is born with an allergy. One of the manifestations of allergy is atopic dermatitis (AD) is a skin disease that occurs in the form of chronic inflammation and is one of the manifestations of the body’s allergic reaction in response to the action of various allergenic factors.
The main clinical manifestations of this pathology are skin rashes of various types, accompanied by severe itching. Eruptions can be diffuse or localized, with predominant lesion of certain parts of the body. In children, most skin lesions occur on the face, neck, extensor surfaces of the extremities, buttocks. Against the background of the redness of the skin there is a rash in the form of nodules, small bubbles, areas of scaling or wetness. In severe cases, crusts, often bloody, may form. In addition, individuals with this pathology have increased sensitivity to contact, inhalation, food allergens, adverse environmental factors, chemical irritants, including detergent, soap.
In typical cases, the disease occurs in early childhood. The first symptoms of atopy can occur already in the first weeks of a child’s life. Subsequently, cutaneous manifestations can be leveled by two years, or acquire a chronic course.