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Astigmatism in children: what is it, the causes, types, treatment and prevention

Astigmatism in children; what is it and what are the causes of the disease?

The absence of a single point of focus – this is how the term astigmatism is translated from Latin. This is literally a literal description of the disease – the inability of the vision to focus at one point.

As a result, patients see a vague picture before themselves, and to increase the clarity of the image they have to strain their eyes all the time. Which again does not improve it.

Further in the article we will try to tell you in detail about what is astigmatism in children, how this disease manifests itself and what are the causes of its occurrence.

In the case of astigmatism, the optical structure of the eye is disturbed, which in turn leads to a weakening of vision.

Infringements affect the lens or cornea, because of their irregular shape, the refraction of light goes along different meridians and with different strengths.

As a result, several foci are formed on the retina instead of one. Which leads to image blur.

The causes of development of astigmatism in children are divided into two groups:

In general, the first group is associated with genetic defects. In addition, the congenital type often goes in combination with other pathologies:

  • Alcoholic fetus syndrome or as it is also called fetal cider. This is a whole complex of pathologies that develop due to the effects of alcohol on the fetus during the intrauterine period;
  • Congenital retinitis pigmentosa – dysfunction of retinal pigment epithelium. The disease is hereditary;

  • Albinism is the absence of melanin pigment in the body.
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