The causes, symptoms and treatment of astigmatism in children
Parents’ experiences for the health and well-being of their children are understandable to any person. Even the slightest hint of a child’s development of some kind of disease in most cases makes him alert and take appropriate measures. When it comes to suspicion of astigmatism, it is worthwhile to clearly understand the specificity of this disease and its impact on the child’s vision.
In fact, astigmatism can be called a special state of the eye. The term translated from Latin literally means no focus, which fully reflects the specificity of the disease. The pathology can appear both in childhood and in adulthood, but in the first case it is most often characterized as congenital. People with astigmatism see the objects around them not clearly, the image seems to blur, losing its clear boundaries is a consequence of disturbances in the normal structure of the lens or cornea. Let us consider in more detail the main varieties of this disease.
Ophthalmologists in their practice use different classification characteristics to determine the types of astigmatism in children. First of all, the disease is divided into two types depending on the localization of the disorder:
- astigmatism of the lens (information initially comes in an already incorrect form);
- corneal astigmatism (the processes of refraction of light by the cornea are broken, and the information on the fundus arrives incorrectly).