Главная 7 Children's diseases 7 Amoebic dysentery in children – causes and treatment: signs and symptoms of amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery in children – causes and treatment: signs and symptoms of amoebic dysentery

Amoebic dysentery in children

Amoebic dysentery in children – endemic protozoal disease of the colon, characterized by deep ulcerative lesions of the intestinal wall, inclination to the chronic course with periodic exacerbations and to metastatic damage to other organs (liver, spleen, lungs, etc.).

There are several different varieties of amoebae, but the most dangerous is the type Entamoeba histolytica. It is widely distributed in tropical latitudes. Ent. histolytica exists in the form of vegetative and encysted forms. The first of them has in its turn two forms – a large vegetative form (BVF) and a small vegetative form (IMF). BVF – a typical parasitic form, resides in the intestinal wall, without leaving the lumen of the intestine, feeds on red blood cells. In the patient’s chair it is found only in the acute period of the disease and then exclusively in the blood-mucous lumps, but not in the feces. When leaving the intestinal wall in the lumen of the gut, it either degenerates, or passes into the IMF, most often found in the stool of patients, especially with the cessation of an acute period. In the unfavorable conditions of the existence of an amoeba, there is an incest, i.e. transition of an amoeba to a resting state, characterized by high stability.

The causes of amoebic dysentery in children consist in the transmission of infection, the focus of which is mainly a person who carries amoeba. The greatest value in the spread of amoebic dysentery, according to epidemiological observations, is water. The maximum incidence comes usually at the end of the hot season, when, due to lack of water, the population begins to use for drinking by any water body. If you eat contaminated food containing free amoebae, infection will not happen because they usually die in the stomach due to its acidic environment. Food products are polluted by cysts especially often in places without adequate control by sanitary supervision. In addition to direct contamination by carriers, an important role is played by the transfer of infection by flies and only partly by dust. Salads washed with contaminated water are a common cause of infection. In water, the viability of cysts persists from 2 to 4 weeks, in the intestines of flies – up to 40-50 hours. Water heated to 68 ° C kills cysts for 5-10 minutes, 50% alcohol and boiling – instantly.


In practice, the only way to avoid infection is to ensure that everything that you eat or drink has been washed or sterilized properly and properly cooked. Prevention of amoebic dysentery is the rules of personal hygiene. Drinking water can be disinfected in the following ways:

  • Boiling water from 10 to 15 minutes (a little more in mountain altitudes) and storing it then in a closed container;
  • add water-cleansing tablets, then leave the mixture to stand for at least 15 minutes before use;
  • use a water filtration device.

However, chemical methods of sterilization do not guarantee the complete destruction of all possible harmful microorganisms. Of great importance is sufficient supply of boiled water, protection of food from flies. In endemic foci, boiled water should be consumed not only for drinking, but also for washing, brushing teeth, washing dishes, etc. Do not eat dishes containing frozen foods, unpurified fruit. Ice cubes can be made from contaminated water, so you should avoid drinks containing ice cubes if you are not sure that water is decontaminated.

My name is Julia. I decided to associate my life with medicine, namely pediatrics. My love for children is boundless. I can say that I was lucky in my life.

О admin

x

Check Also

Suprastin tablets for children: instructions for use, prices and reviews

Suprastin – effective allergy tablets for children: instructions for use and cost Suprastin is an ...

Tablets from motion sickness in transport for children: how to cope with nausea

Tablets from motion sickness in transport for children: what to choose and how to help ...

Acyclovir tablets for children: instructions for use, dosage and reviews

An effective antiviral agent; Aciclovir 200 mg tablets for children: instructions for use Acyclovir – ...

Rash on the child’s legs, legs and back: how to treat, photo of rashes

Rash on the child’s pride: why it arises and what to do with it The ...

Rashes on the face of a child: types, photos, characteristics and treatment

The rash on the face of the child: what diseases it indicates and how it ...

Suspension Enterofuril: instructions for use for children of different ages

Suspension Enterofuril for children: instructions for use, indications and contraindications Enterofuryl; a drug that belongs ...

Suspension of Ecoclav: instruction for use for children and features of drug treatment

Instructions for the use of Ecoclav suspension for effective treatment of children Ecoclav is a ...

Cedex Suspension for Children: user manual, user reviews and price

Cedex antibiotic for children in the form of a suspension: instructions for use, advantages and ...

Suprax Suspension for Children: instructions for use, prices and reviews

Expensive, but effective; antibiotic Suprax for children: instruction on the use of suspension, opinion; and; ...

Suspension Nimulide: instruction for children, prices and reviews

Suspension Nimulide; instructions for use for children, indications and restrictions on admission Some diseases can ...

Biseptol Suspension for Children: instruction manual, price and reviews

Suspension Biseptol for treatment of children from 2 months: instructions for use, pluses and minuses ...

Suspension Augmentin for children: instructions for use, price and reviews

Suspension Augmentin for children: instructions for use, the dosage of the drug and the opinions ...

Sumamed in tablets and capsules: instructions for use for children, reviews and prices for the drug

Sumamed in tablets and capsules; instructions for use for children and the effectiveness of a ...

Ringworm in children on the head and body: photos, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Ringworm in children: underlying causes, symptoms and ways of treatment Ringworm (microsporia) is a fungal ...

Streptodermia in children: photos of symptoms, how it starts, treatment at home

How does streptodermia begin in children, photos of the disease, how to treat and prevent ...

Stenosis of the larynx in children: causes and symptoms, treatment and prevention of disease

Stenosis of the larynx in children: peculiarities of the course and methods of treatment The ...

Terms for erupting permanent teeth in children: the order of the shift, a visual chart, as well as the accompanying symptoms and photos, what the process looks like

Approximate order and timing of eruption of permanent teeth in children Changing the teeth of ...

List of effective cough syrups for children from the year with instructions

Cough syrups for children from year to year: what and when to give? In cold, ...

List of things for newborns for the first time and advice on choosing

How to make a list of things for newborns for the first time: useful advice ...

Specific prevention of influenza and antiviral treatment

Specific prevention of influenza and antiviral treatment More than 500 viruses that cause a variety ...

Sleeping bag for newborns: how to sew, knit or choose, reviews of moms and doctors photos and videos

Sweet dreams: sleeping bags for newborns Even before the birth of the baby, parents are ...

Concussion in the child: symptoms and treatment (including at home), the effects of trauma and other aspects

Is it dangerous for the child to have a brain concussion Concussion occurs in 90% ...

Snot with teething in children, runny nose, stuffy nose and swelling of the nasopharynx: are there and how to treat?

A cause for concern? Sopli at the eruption of infant teeth in children Runny nose ...

Solar burns in children: first aid, means for the treatment and relief of pain (baby cream, bepantene and others), prevention and other recommendations photo

Sunburn in a child: traditional and folk remedies On a clear summer day it’s so ...