Diphtheria in children: symptoms and treatment, diagnostic and preventive measures
This disease has haunted humanity for many centuries. It was mentioned in the writings of Hippocrates and Homer. Until the XIX century, the name of diphtheria changed. It was called the fatal ulcer of the pharynx, the loop of the executioner, malignant angina.
Today the disease is especially severe in unvaccinated children. Parents can easily confuse his symptoms with colds and do not seek help in a timely manner, which further exacerbates the situation.
It is a dangerous acute infectious disease that is characterized by inflammatory process and film formation at the site of the pathogen. It manifests itself not only locally, but also disrupts the work of the nervous and cardiovascular system.
Diphtheria usually is accompanied by an inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, causing serious complications. The manifestation of intoxication in the defeat of the body can lead to death.
The danger of the disease manifests itself in the way it is transmitted by airborne droplets. It caused by diphtheria bacillus.
The infection is transmitted from both patients to healthy children, and from healthy people who are bacterial carriers. The incubation period is 3-7 days.
Distinguish different forms of the disease:
- Diphtheria of throat and larynx in children. It is characterized by pain during swallowing, the formation of a filmy coating, puffiness of the tonsils, an increase in the anterior superior cervical lymph nodes. Diphtheria begins with a low temperature.
- Reception of antibiotics. The course lasts up to two weeks. Antibiotics are powerless before the diphtheria toxin, but reduce the number of bacteria that produce it.
- Detoxification therapy glucose-salt solutions.
- Rinses and Irrigation disinfecting solutions.
- Diet, which includes the intake of fortified food, which was thoroughly processed.
Learn more about this disease from the video:
The only measure to prevent diphtheria is vaccination. It is included in the mandatory vaccination calendar. Enter it three times at intervals of 45 days, starting at 3 months. Repeat the vaccination at 7, 14 years. In adulthood spend at intervals of 10 years.
Diphtheria vaccination is conducted toxoid. After its introduction in the body, antibodies to the diphtheria toxin are formed.
Diphtheria threatens vaccinated children Only in case of a decrease in the level of immunity. This may be due to a violation of the vaccination scheme or the transferred infectious disease. In unvaccinated children, the disease is very difficult. The prevailing toxic forms and complications with a fatal outcome.