Diagnosis of adenoids and symptoms of adenoiditis in children
Often, after receiving a doctor, mothers learn about another diagnosis of a child – adenoids. The disease is very common in childhood. First of all, it is necessary to determine the cause of pathological changes and to conduct qualitative diagnostics to confirm the disease. Fortunately, his symptoms differ quite clearly.
Adenoids translate from Latin means tonsils.
The main function of the nasopharyngeal tonsil, as well as the palatines, lingual and laryngeal, is to protect the upper respiratory tract from the infectious agent. The constant attack of foreign microorganisms leads to inflammation of the tonsils, and in the case of frequent repeated diseases, the lymphoid tissue from which it consists grows. In medicine this process is called adenoid vegetations (abbreviated adenoids).
Another reason for the formation of adenoid vegetations is considered to be allergic rhinitis, which causes inflammation of the lymphoid tissue, especially with prolonged exposure to the allergen.
Usually adenoids increase up to 3-7 years of age, in the period when the child visits children’s collective and actively contacts with sources of bacteria and viruses. Children of the first year of life develop lymphoid tissue and the immune system, so adenoid vegetations at this age do not occur.
The adenoid is the nasopharyngeal tonsil, which is localized not in the nasal cavity, but in the nasopharynx.
It is important to understand the difference between adenoids and adenoiditis. Adenoiditis is an inflammation of the nasopharyngeal tonsil, which is increased due to swelling and abundant discharge of mucus, rather than growth of lymphoid tissue, as in adenoids. These processes can accompany each other.