Acute rhinitis in children
Rhinitis in children Is a medical term that covers infections, allergies and other diseases, the common feature of which is nasal congestion, swelling of the nasal mucosa and increased separation of mucous secretions. Simply put, rhinitis is a cold. Irritated by allergens or infected with infectious agents, the mucous membrane swells, swells and does not allow free passage of air through the nasal passages.
The most common form of infectious rhinitis is the symptoms of colds and SARS. Doctors subdivide all the phenomena of nasal obstruction into two large groups. It is an allergic rhinitis and an infectious rhinitis. But it should be understood that these symptoms can also be provoked by chemical and thermal burns of the nasal mucosa. The allergic nature of the runny nose and nasal congestion is associated with the production of antibodies to the irritant.
Infectious rhinitis is formed under the influence of protective properties of the body. But in this case, with the allocation of a large amount of mucus the body of the child tries to get rid of bacteria and viruses that parasitize on the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx. With burns forms of the common cold, mucus is separated for the purpose of rejection of the affected mucous tissue.
Non-allergic rhinitis, as a rule, is transmitted in the same ways as a common cold. It is transmitted from person to person by airborne droplets. By contact, viruses and bacteria are practically not transmitted. Therefore, touching the patient with rhinitis of the child can not provoke its occurrence in another person. At the same time, the use of certain household items promotes the spread of infection. In particular, rhinitis can be transmitted through handkerchiefs, cups, spoons, toys. On their surfaces, most viruses can remain active for a day. The breathing of a person with an infectious cold of a person, as well as sneezing and coughing, can become the most likely cause of infection of others. Allergic rhinitis in children and adults can not be transmitted from person to person. This is not an infectious form of the disease. But there is a risk of hereditary predisposition to the perception of certain allergic agents.
Supportive therapy includes bed rest and the use of a large amount of liquid inside as a drink. Physiotherapy methods include the use of ultraviolet light and magnetic resonance devices. In some cases, injections of interferon are useful. If non-allergic rhinitis has a bacterial cause, antibiotics can be prescribed, but do not forget that bacterial causes of the common cold are not very common.
Allergic rhinitis in children is treated in several ways, including seasonal maintenance therapy, including nasal sprays and decongestants. If the cause of the allergy is determined by household allergens, such as dust mites or pet hair, steps can be taken to free the house of some allergens. Injections of prolonged medications or injections from fast action allergies are also sometimes used to treat an allergic rhinitis in children. This is especially true in those cases when it is necessary to quickly arrest an attack.
To reduce the level of sensitization, the following method is used: a small amount of the allergen is injected intradermally. This allows you to achieve a stable remission in a few weeks or months. Injections give the maximum result during the first two years of using this method. Then the efficiency gradually decreases and reduces to zero.