Главная 7 Children's diseases 7 Acne rash in adolescents – acne: types, symptoms, causes and treatment

Acne rash in adolescents – acne: types, symptoms, causes and treatment

Acne rash in adolescents; acne

Acne rash in adolescents – Acne causes skin disease, leading to the appearance of acne or acne. The most common form of acne is acne vulgaris (vulgar acne) is a rash that affects the skin of many adolescents. The appearance of acne is caused by hormonal changes that occur during puberty.

Acne in teenagers most often occurs on the face, chest, and back. In adolescents, acne usually appears on the forehead, nose and chin. This is caused by increased production of sebum – an oily substance that forms in the sebaceous glands located under the surface of the skin. The glands are associated with the hair follicles, through which sebum flows onto the skin and acts as a natural moisturizer.

If the hair follicles are blocked by keratinizing epithelium, bacteria, then there are pimples. Most of the sebaceous glands are located on the face, neck, back.

Very often the symptoms of acne appear during puberty (pubertal period), when there is an increase in the level of the male sex hormone – androgen. Its high level leads to hyperproduction of sebum. Sometimes sebum combines with dead, sticky epidermal cells and bacteria that normally live on the skin. Their mixture allows bacteria to grow in clogged follicles. When this happens, a solid cork is formed, which is called a comedo.

Types of pimples and blackheads are strictly classified by their appearance. Depending on the type of eel, a suitable treatment can be prescribed. Comedone (eel) – enlarged hair follicle, takes the following forms:


Antiandrogens, drugs that block the synthesis of androgen, are used to treat women in whom other methods of therapy have not yielded positive results. Certain types of oral contraceptives and female sex hormones (estrogens) reduce hormonal activity in the ovaries. Other drugs (spironolactone and corticosteroids) reduce hormonal activity in the adrenal glands. Treatment can take up to 4 months.

Oral corticosteroids or anti-inflammatory drugs are the preferred treatment for a very serious, but rather rare, type of destructive acne called fulminant acne. This form is found mainly in young men. Conglobular acne is characterized by a very severe inflammatory process and includes numerous, deep, inflammatory nodules that, after healing, leave prominent scars. Their treatment includes isotretino and corticosteroids.

Some surgical and medical manipulations designed to facilitate the flow of acne and the treatment of scarring:

  • extraction of a gum: the eel is removed from the pore by a special tool;
  • chemical peeling: glycolic acid is used to clean the upper layers of the skin to reduce scarring;
  • Dermabrasion: removal of epidermis and papillary dermis by scraping;
  • transplantation: deep scars are excised, the area is restored by small skin grafts;
  • the introduction of corticosteroids directly into inflamed pimples;
  • Collagen injections: small scars are eliminated by the introduction of collagen.

О admin

x

Check Also

The child’s eyes ache from light, high temperature, at a headache: in what the reason and how to help the kid?

The child has sore eyes; understand the causes and accompanying symptoms Eyes hurt in children ...

The child has a headache and nausea: what it can be and what to do, the causes of dizziness and nausea, especially in children of different ages

Headache with nausea in the child – an occasion to see a doctor immediately If ...

The baby has red eyes: the causes of this phenomenon in a newborn baby (after childbirth) and the baby for up to a year (if reddened unexpectedly)

Red eyes in the baby: why does such a problem arise and how to cope ...

Troxevasin: instructions for the use of ointments for children, indications and contraindications

External remedy with bruises and injuries; Tryksevazin ointment: instruction manual for children Ointment Troxevasin is ...

Disturbing symptoms and tactics of treatment of bronchial asthma in children

Symptoms and treatment of bronchial asthma in children, how dangerous it is Unfavorable ecological conditions, ...

Tetracycline Ointment: Instruction for use for children 1 year, 2-3 years and older

Effective and cheap antibiotic Tetracycline ointment: instructions for use for children since birth Tetracycline ointment ...

Tetracycline ophthalmic ointment for children: composition and instructions for use in various eye diseases

Tetracycline ophthalmic ointment: features of the use of the drug for children Eye tetracycline ointment ...

Tetrad, triad, pentada Fallo in children: description, ultrasound signs in pregnancy, diagnosis in newborns, prognosis after surgery

Congenital heart anomaly – triad, tetrad, pentada Fallot The heart of a person during his ...

The temperature in children with teething: why it rises, how much it keeps and what to do with it

To knock down or not to bring down: the temperature in children with teething In ...

Temperature at teething in children – first aid and ways to relieve the symptom

Is urgent medical intervention required? The temperature at the eruption of the first teeth in ...

Tantum Verde for Children: Instructions for use, indications and contraindications

Tantum Verde: instructions for the use of medicinal products for children Tantum Verde is a ...

Tactics for treating green snot in a child, help and support

What to do if a child has thick or liquid green snot: a tactic of ...

Suprastin tablets for children: instructions for use, prices and reviews

Suprastin – effective allergy tablets for children: instructions for use and cost Suprastin is an ...

Tablets from motion sickness in transport for children: how to cope with nausea

Tablets from motion sickness in transport for children: what to choose and how to help ...

Acyclovir tablets for children: instructions for use, dosage and reviews

An effective antiviral agent; Aciclovir 200 mg tablets for children: instructions for use Acyclovir – ...

Rash on the child’s legs, legs and back: how to treat, photo of rashes

Rash on the child’s pride: why it arises and what to do with it The ...

Rashes on the face of a child: types, photos, characteristics and treatment

The rash on the face of the child: what diseases it indicates and how it ...

Suspension Enterofuril: instructions for use for children of different ages

Suspension Enterofuril for children: instructions for use, indications and contraindications Enterofuryl; a drug that belongs ...

Suspension of Ecoclav: instruction for use for children and features of drug treatment

Instructions for the use of Ecoclav suspension for effective treatment of children Ecoclav is a ...

Cedex Suspension for Children: user manual, user reviews and price

Cedex antibiotic for children in the form of a suspension: instructions for use, advantages and ...

Suprax Suspension for Children: instructions for use, prices and reviews

Expensive, but effective; antibiotic Suprax for children: instruction on the use of suspension, opinion; and; ...

Suspension Nimulide: instruction for children, prices and reviews

Suspension Nimulide; instructions for use for children, indications and restrictions on admission Some diseases can ...

Biseptol Suspension for Children: instruction manual, price and reviews

Suspension Biseptol for treatment of children from 2 months: instructions for use, pluses and minuses ...

Suspension Augmentin for children: instructions for use, price and reviews

Suspension Augmentin for children: instructions for use, the dosage of the drug and the opinions ...