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Syndrome of sudden infant death: risk factors, causes and prevention measures

What You Should Know About the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Syndrome of sudden infant death (SIDS) – the unexpected death of an apparently healthy baby or child under 1 year of age as a result of stopping breathing for an unexplained reason. In fact, this phenomenon is not a disease, but a postmortem diagnosis, which is put in the case when an autopsy and study of an anamnesis does not reveal the cause of death.

Since usually the baby does not have any previous signs, and death often occurs during sleep, this syndrome is also called death in the cradle. Posthumous diagnosis may also sound like Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or death for unknown reasons.

Syndrome of sudden infant death: risk factors, causes and prevention measures

Cases of infant death for an unexplained reason have been repeatedly described in the medical literature, but SIDS as a postmortem diagnosis was introduced only in the late 60-ies of the twentieth century.

Unexpected death in a dream can occur for various reasons (the child’s developmental anomalies, unnoticed by parents of infectious diseases and injuries), but these factors make it possible to identify the study of the history of the disease and autopsy. If the conducted studies can not explain the cause of the death of the baby, the death report indicates SIDS (this is the diagnosis of the exception).

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