Vaccinations for infants or the importance of vaccination
Children from birth to one year mostly have a very weak immune system, so their body needs not only the use of vitamins and nutrients that help maintain immunity, but also in vaccination against various kinds of dangerous diseases. What are these diseases, we consider in more detail, but first it is worth noting that if a child does not get vaccinated from a young age, then this can have a detrimental effect on his future. Vaccination is a mandatory process by which a vaccine is introduced into the body of a newborn. This vaccine (depending on the type) has the property of developing immunity against certain diseases. Up to one year of vaccination, children are given a certain pattern, so the immune system is strengthened not immediately, but gradually.
In these days, vaccinations for children up to a year are mandatory, but there are cases when the parents categorically forbid vaccination of their crumbs. The opinion of experts on this issue is also divided, some believe that vaccination is mandatory, and others see this as a dangerous procedure that can lead to a fatal consequence. What vaccines are introduced to newborns, why do some parents refuse to vaccinate, how many vaccinations should be performed before the year and in general, is this procedure necessary for babies at such an early age?
Consider what vaccinations children do for up to a year in medical institutions.
Every mother knows about what vaccinations a child does for a year, but why they or what their main purpose is, let's consider in more detail. So, mandatory or planned vaccinations for a child up to a year, which are done in state medical institutions, are:
- Hepatitis B. By value, the vaccine ranks second, but primarily the first is carried out. Why? The answer will be found further. The hepatitis B vaccine is given mainly to the child in the thigh, because there is better access to the muscle fibers. On the second day after birth the baby is visited by a doctor who injects from hepatitis B. To strengthen immunity, the vaccination is repeated once a month and six months. After that, the effectiveness of vaccination can persist in the body to 5-7 years, after which the procedure is repeated.
- BCG. Injection from a dangerous disease of tuberculosis. It is mainly done in the first three days of being in the hospital if a vaccine is available. BCG is the second in a row, but it is the most difficult and difficult to bear. It is placed mainly in the left shoulder, after which the person has a scar in the form of a scar for life. After vaccination with BCG, the site of the injection can not be wetted, scratched or squeezed. It is worth knowing that the action of the drug is very diverse and often at the site of the injection there are pustules. For more details, see the relevant article on BCG. After the injection, BCG is also not allowed to enter other drugs for half a year, so hepatitis B is done first.
- DTP. Injection against a complex of ailments: diphtheria, whooping cough and tetanus. Refers to vaccines that make a baby three months. The vaccination is repeated three times at intervals of one year.
- Polio. A dangerous disease that occurs mostly very rarely. But if you do not vaccinate in the first three months, then there is a risk of paralysis in the child. After an injection after a baby, one must observe for a month. If any deviation of health is observed, then it is urgent to visit a doctor. The vaccine remains valid for up to 10 years.
- Measles vaccine , rubella and mumps (MMR). Also a complex drug that protects the body from the effects of dangerous diseases. The vaccination almost never causes side-effects and is easily tolerated.
BCG vaccine or as it is called from tuberculosis to newborns until the moment of discharge from the hospital. There are cases, co.