The child does not keep his head in 3 months: reasons
Among the many skills that the kid learns in the first months of his life, head restraint stands out. This ability appears in the child after the muscles of the neck and spine get stronger, so that he can look without support. There are certain rules that require the acquisition of skills at ages, but they are rather arbitrary. It is difficult to find two identical children, so the development of each occurs depending on the physical data and diligence of the baby. If parents notice that peers of a crumb have long and confidently kept a head, while their child does not even try to do it – one should consult a doctor to determine the cause and take measures to correct the situation.
At what age does the child begin to hold his head?
The muscles of the newborn are very weak, and their work the baby can not control. Especially it concerns the neck muscles, which have to keep a fairly heavy head. If you lift the crumbs by the hand – you can easily damage the cervical vertebrae, as they bend back. Therefore, until the moment of self-retention of the head, it is necessary to hold the child behind the back of the head during bathing, feeding and just playing. The skill is acquired in several stages:
- The first attempts to raise the head, from the prone position on the abdomen, parents can notice already after 3 weeks after the birth of the crumbs. Sometimes a child can lie, tearing it off the surface for a few seconds. It can not be assumed that from this moment the spinal injuries are not terrible, the muscles of the neck only begin to strengthen and it takes a long time before they can cope with the assigned function.
- At about 2 months the child is already able to hold the head for about a minute parallel to the surface on which it lies. Sometimes already at this age the kid tries to lift it vertically to view what is happening around him.
- At 3 months when raising the child by the handles, the spine no longer bends back, a straight line is obtained from the back of the neck to the waist. Lying on his stomach, he is able to lift his shoulders and keep his head upright for a long time. While lifting the crumbs on your hands, you should still hold the head, since the muscles only recently got stronger.
- Closer to 4 months, children already fully control the muscles of the neck. They look where they want, but they can lift the entire upper body, lying on their stomachs. Injuries of the spine at this age are minimized, of course, with gentle treatment of the child and the absence of sudden movements.