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Sleep apnea in children

What is nighttime apnea in children

Apnea – this terrible word inspires genuine fear in all, without exception, parents. Mothers and dads of newborn babies are especially worried. Excitement is due to ignorance of the symptoms and the course of this disease. In today’s material, we will examine in detail the causes, symptoms and what to do during an attack.

Sleep apnea in children

Spontaneous breathing delay has the medical name of apnea. During this phenomenon, the oxygen level in the blood decreases and the heart rate slows down. The duration of attacks lasts up to 20 seconds. The disease directly depends on the period of pregnancy. Apnea in most cases occurs in children who were born before 37 weeks.

In medicine, there are three types of seizures:

  1. Obstructive. This kind of sleep apnea is most often caused by complications of angina or appears as a result of hypertrophy of the lymphatic tissue. This is due to the difficulty of the movement of air through the respiratory tract.
  2. Central. This type of disease occurs in premature babies. The reason lies in the not completely formed respiratory center, which is located in the cortex of the brain.
  3. Mixed. The type of nighttime apnea combines disturbances in the respiratory center and air movement together.

  4. If there was a stop of breathing for more than 15 seconds and the baby's skin acquired a bluish tinge, then it is necessary to urgently carry out the following actions:

    1. Try to wake the baby and / or sprinkle it with cold water.
    2. Tilt the child's head, fixing the position of the body in the crib.
    3. Make artificial respiration. To do this, you need to cover your nose and mouth with your lips and gently do not more than six smooth breaths and exhalations.
    4. Urgently call an ambulance.

    Quite possible. Arbitrary breath holding does not occur suddenly.

    1. The baby begins to snuffle and convulsively swallow saliva.
    2. Termination of respiration through the spout. The child exhales and exhales only through the mouth.
    3. Sometimes urinary incontinence occurs before the attack.
    4. Apnea is accompanied by profuse sweating.
    5. Before the breath is delayed, the thorax descends unusually low.

    The answer lies in the physiology of man. When a person stands, then his lungs are maximally exposed and the obstacles to air intake are insignificant. In the lying position, the airways narrow, and even a little fun can cause shortage of air. This is an explanation for obstructive apnea.

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