5 effective techniques that will help teach the child to distinguish colors
Every loving parent strives to ensure that from the very first days of the life of his baby to invest in him all the best and valuable of what he himself has. And if problems with the choice of good and quality things for the child usually does not happen, the issues of pedagogy and education for many parents are important and urgent. This is especially true for those moms and dads who were the first. The questions that interest them can be very different, but they all boil down to one thing: how and what to do to give the child the knowledge necessary for him and teach him this or that skill. Consider some principles that have been successfully applied by other parents for more than a decade, and try to figure out how to teach the child to distinguish colors.
The optimal age for teaching a child to distinguish between colors is 2 to 5 years.
Principles of the formation of color perception functions in a child
Before starting to study practical advice and techniques, parents need to become familiar with certain features of the development of visual functions in children. This will help to use the knowledge gained in the right way.
So, the ability of a child to focus on an object appears at the age of 2-3 months. Usually the first thing the baby learns to distinguish is the mother’s breast. This is connected with the fact that at this age the color perception of the child’s eye is adjusted in such a way that the child can clearly see the mother’s nipple. Colors, which he can distinguish between 2 and 6 months, are in a wide range of wave spectrum: red, pink, brown. The ability to distinguish the colors of a short wave, blue and green, appears nearer to the seventh month of life, and a full color perception is formed in the child by the age of eight.
Now that we know the basic principles of forming a child’s perception of the color palette, we can begin to study the recommendations and advice from more experienced parents.
- Teach from an early age. Do not minimize the ability of children to learn. Even if the child does not yet know how to speak, it does not mean that he is unable to understand or remember something. If you regularly communicate with your baby and tell him what color, for example, his favorite rattle, it is necessary to be deposited in his head. And in the future, when he can consciously build different words, it will be easier for you to explain the difference between this or that color;
- Tie new knowledge to emotions. Human memory is arranged in such a way that we best remember the pictures, bright images and emotions. No wonder it is said: a person will remember not what you did for him, but what made him feel. Use this technique in teaching children. For example, start studying colors from your favorite fruit;
- Practical use. The new knowledge should immediately be used by the child. If you learned something new with the baby, try to make it so that he began to apply it in life. Learned a red color, then, going to go outside, ask him to bring you his red jacket. The more often you encourage your child to apply what they have just learned, the better it will be remembered;
- Encourage the child to share what he has learned with others. After you have learned a new number or color, let the kid call your grandfather or grandmother and tell you about it. This principle works very effectively in conjunction with practical application. For example, Dad came in the evening from work and went to wash his hands before eating; let the little one give him a yellow towel;
- Speak different phrases. Always pronounce the color in different contexts so that the child does not perceive it as one word: it’s a red ball, a red ball, it’s a ball, it’s red, etc .;
- Refuse diminutive words (blue, red);
- Time with shades – all light green, pink and blue shades are best left for later;
- Do not start learning a new color until the child has learned the previous one! (start with red, and then get acquainted with yellow, green, blue).
When my child was small, we memorized colors by comparing the most elementary things. For example, I took a yellow pencil and we compared it with the sun, blue with the sky, etc. There are also very good methods of memorization, which can be chosen, but, as they say, to each his own.
In my opinion, children's toys are often arranged in such a way that the shapes of objects and colors are different in them. With the help of such items, it is difficult to assess the child's color perception, since he probably has to disperse attention to the whole variety of game material. Thus, in order to learn to distinguish colors, or rather find the same, I would advise the toy in the form of objects of the same shape and the same size, differing only in color, which must be determined in its place with the appropriate color.