Child from birth to year: stages of development by month
So, in your family a happy event; the child was born. From now on he has to go a long way from a tiny lump to an almost conscious one-year-old baby. It does not matter how fast it will develop, in the first 12 months it will learn a lot and will never learn everything with such speed (the kid learns to observe others, smile, agukat, roll over, sit on the pope, walk, play and many, many other things). Young mothers do not always understand whether the baby has a developmental problem or, on the contrary, is ahead of the curve. Purpose of the article ; tell what changes occur to your child in each of the 12 months of his first year, what the kid learns in the first year of his life and how he perceives the world around him.
Every infant, just like an adult, is individual and each child develops individually, but something common in the development of newborns occurs in the same way.
A difficult month for young mothers. The first month of life of a newborn is usually called the period of adaptation. Almost 70% of the time he sleeps. Sleep is very important for the baby. In a dream, it grows (on the average in the first month the child grows by 2-3 cm.), and the body gets used to the new situation. During the waking period, he waves chaoticly with his hands clenched in fists and knees bent at the knee. Toward the end of the first month the child is already able to hold his head briefly, to focus his gaze on the bright toy, the faces of adults, to make vowel sounds and listen to the conversation of others.
Pediatricians consider it important to put the baby into the mother’s breast during the first two hours of life. As they believe, at this time between the baby and the mother is created; emotional contact. This is when the mother begins to feel the baby at a distance, his feelings, needs.
A lot of important in this period of a child’s life is nutrition. On average, during the first month, a child gains about 600-700 grams. In any case, do not rush the baby during meals. After all, when he eats milk from his mother, he also enjoys the warm and caring mother at this moment.
At birth, the child has congenital reflexes, due to which he adapts in the environment. But during the first months of life a part of them disappears. Such reflexes include the reflex:
- Sucking (touching the tongue to the object);
- Swimming (if you put his belly on the water, then he will make swimming movements);
- Grasping (touching his hand, he squeezes it into the fist);
- Search (search mother’s breast);
- Reflex walking (if you hold the child, then he starts moving legs, as if walking) and many others.
Very good article! Thank you, written on; 5+;. I would like to have more such articles from the point of view of the usefulness of the material (I liked very much how the main aspects of development are covered). Everything is clear and clear. Many thanks! Now I have definitely calmed myself that many things described in this article are able, but about the eider and bibi; so the child is easier to get used to the designation of the subject, in parallel, you can call things by their proper names.
And I have a little all wrong. Because we started to keep our head in the second month of life. And almost in the same period to roll over.