Главная 7 Child development 7 Zika virus – what is it?

Zika virus – what is it?

Zika virus - what is it?

What symptoms does the virus have, in what forms and how much does it “live”, are complications possible, how can you get infected, is there a chance to bring it with you home?

Fever Zicaea is a natural focal transmissible viral infection transmitted mainly by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes (Aedesalbopictus and Aedesaegypti). According to the Federal Service for Consumer Rights Protection and Human Services, Zika fever is registered in 54 territories (mainly South America, the Caribbean countries and the Pacific region). These are countries such as Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela, Vietnam, Dominican Republic, Indonesia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Thailand, the Philippines, etc.

The virus is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites, as well as through unprotected sexual contact with an infected man (the opposite route of transmission — from an infected woman to a partner — is not registered). There is no evidence of transmission of the virus with saliva.

The incubation period is an average of 5-7 days. The clinical signs of Zika fever are a rash on the body, high fever (though its absence is also possible), less pain in the muscles and joints, and no purulent conjunctivitis. Mostly febrile period lasts 4-5 days, the disease occurs in mild and moderate forms.

In rare cases, Guillain-Barre syndrome develops after the acute stage of the disease. Single cases of lethal outcomes are recorded.

Is it possible to self-cure fever or need the help of a doctor?

The disease usually occurs in mild form and does not require special treatment. With Zika fever, you should rest a lot, drink enough fluids and take antipyretic drugs and pain medications. If symptoms worsen, you should seek medical advice and advice from a doctor.

In many Latin American countries, first aid is provided free of charge, and further treatment must be paid in cash or an insurance policy must be provided.

What are the most common diseases from exotic countries can bring home “as a gift”?

If we talk about the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, it is Dengue fever, malaria, typhoid fever, American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), skin and visceral leishmaniasis. Rare, but far more serious infections: trypanosomiasis, hantavirus infection, yellow fever.

What security measures need to be taken, going to a beautiful, but far from Russia journey?

First of all, find out which infections are common at the point of your future stay. You can protect yourself with necessary vaccinations and a first-aid kit that was collected in advance.

Essential medicines for the first-aid kit should be: antipyretic, antihistamines (anti-allergy), enterosorbents (anti-food poisoning), rehydrants to fill the fluid during diarrhea and vomiting, drugs for healing skin abrasions, antibiotics, headache medications, additional medications (if there are chronic diseases). Be sure to check for bandages, cotton wool, plasters, scissors, and antiseptic.

Also, before a trip to Latin America, vaccination against hepatitis A and B is recommended. Yellow fever vaccination will not be superfluous if you are going to visit certain areas of Venezuela, Peru, Colombia, Brazil, Paraguay, Ecuador or Amazonia. If suddenly you notice any disturbing symptoms during rest, immediately seek medical assistance on the spot!

Zika virus - what is it?

Anyone who intends to visit these countries is recommended:

  • If possible, during the day, protect yourself from mosquito bites with repellents and clothing, preferably light and covering the body as much as possible;
  • Practice safe sex or refrain from intercourse during your stay in the country at risk (and for at least four weeks after returning), especially if symptoms of Zika virus appear or appear;
  • Choose an air-conditioned housing in which the windows and doors are always tightly closed to prevent cold air from escaping and mosquitoes entering the room;
  • Avoid visiting areas in cities and towns where there is no tap water and proper sanitation (ideal places for breeding mosquitoes), i.e. those places in which the probability of being bitten by mosquitoes is higher.

О admin

x

Check Also

A new cartoon about Cheburashka is coming out.

Cheburashka, the favorite cartoon hero of adults and children, whose life began with fantasy and ...

How to make a child with a stepfather

The smaller the child’s age, the sooner and more painlessly he will accept the replacement. ...

Neckline: how to care for her?

The neck and décolleté area need the same intensive care as the face. The skin ...

How to complete lactation?

1. How to wean a child properly in order not to harm its health? A ...

Take time to play

On the first birthday, crumbs want to buy the entire toy store. Toddler really became ...

The truth in milk: emotional intelligence and proper nutrition

This lesson has become one of many that, within the framework of the All-Russian Social ...

Getting to know the sandbox: the most frequent problems

It happens that everything happens in a completely different way than you expect. Instead of ...

Know the “enemy” in the face: poisonous plants near us

Our children are especially vulnerable when meeting with poisonous plants. How to resist in the ...

How does pregnancy affect vision?

During pregnancy, you should visit the oculist twice: in the first 3 months and shortly ...

Stroller

So, what you need to pay attention to. Type of folding: “canes” (they are also ...

When a child learns to walk

Nevertheless, most parents would like their children to take their first steps as soon as ...

Introducing baby with solid food: catch up to the first tooth

It is considered that the majority of babies are ready to get acquainted with food ...

No season “: how to eat vegetables in winter

In summer and autumn, we have the widest selection of fresh vegetables. So, starting from ...

Hunters for knowledge “in Masterslavl

Especially for the new school year, the children’s city of masters “Masterslavl” prepared for children ...

Little anniversary on the big stage!

For a charity project, this is symbolic and significant: for the entire period of the ...

Useful with enjoyable

The tiny village of Aven in the foothills of the Cévennes has only 80 inhabitants, ...

Own system: Montessori children groups

Montessori pedagogy in Russia has a long history and a difficult fate. The first kindergarten ...

Irina Sashina: Love in 3D

HAPPY PARENTS Why, having finished two faculties of MSU at the same time, did you ...

Forwards and defenders

Regardless of the type of food – breast or bottle – the smallest people suffer ...

We acquaint the child with mathematical concepts

Child development and learning should be based on the principle from simple to complex. Do ...

How to conceive a boy or a girl: science and mythology

Decide for yourself what to believe: folk signs, the findings of scientists, or relax to ...

How to wean a baby from a pacifier?

Before you firmly decide “everything, from today no nipples,” think about how well the moment ...

Know the measure (about intimate and not only)

When bathing a child, be sensitive, especially when it comes to the intimate parts of ...

Angry at child because he looks like ex-husband

This is a common situation. Your ex-husband hurt you very much, betrayed you, hurt you. ...