Winter injury

Winter injury

In young children, the nervous system that is responsible for the coordination of movements is still underdeveloped, so they often fall. In this immaturity of the body lies its protective potential: in most cases, babies tolerate falls without serious consequences, their ligaments are more elastic than in adults, bones are more flexible, and low growth and weight, which determine the force of impact when falling, soften it.

Nevertheless, children are not insured against serious, “adult” injuries: bruises, sprains, sprains and fractures of the limbs.

Bruises, sprains, strains and fractures of the arms and legs are the most common injuries that children receive during winter walks.

USE: First of all damage to soft tissue from impact or fall.
Symptoms: the injury site was swollen and sore, a bruise or bump appeared. A kid can easily move a bruised arm or leg – which means that neither the bones, nor the joints, nor the ligaments are damaged.

Dislocation: displacement of the articular ends of the bones. Dislocations in young children are less common than fractures. This is due to the large elasticity and strength of the capsule-ligament apparatus.

Dislocations of the bones of the forearm in the elbow joint occupy the first place among all dislocations in early childhood. Much less common are dislocations of the shoulder, bones of the lower leg, and thigh.
Symptoms: the child cannot bend the arm or leg in the damaged joint; an arm or leg has taken an unusual position (hanging or curving strangely); Attempts to touch cause severe pain.

STRETCHING: damage to the ligaments, most often occurs when the arm or leg is tightened.
Symptoms: the baby can hardly move his foot or brush with a simple stretch. If a ligament rupture occurred, the mobility may be, on the contrary, too high.

BREAKING DISTANCE: Bone integrity is impacted by a direct blow or a fall.
Symptoms: the baby cannot move his arm or leg. The bone has shifted or changed shape.

If a child fell on his back or landed on his legs or buttocks, a compression fracture of the spine may occur (compression of the vertebrae) – in this case, the crumb will instinctively be afraid that you touch his back.

Many lesions are initially similar to each other and can be combined, so only special medical examinations help determine the severity of injuries. The task of parents is to help the baby before the doctor arrives.

Winter injury

Do not show your child that you are too worried. Your fear will be passed on to him, and it only hurts. Reassure the baby, ask (if he already speaks) and carefully examine.

If you suspect an arm or leg injury, make sure that he does not move his limb; if the baby fell on his back, he should not move at all.

The next step is first aid. If you suspect injuries of the extremities, it is better not to take off the clothes;
– fix the arm in a position where it is easiest for the child to hold it with a scarf or other suitable piece of cloth;
– put a splint on your leg, grabbing the joints above and below the intended fracture or dislocation – a small stick or board will do.

If a child has a bruise or a bump, attach a “snowball” wrapped in a handkerchief to the damaged area. But do not overdo it: 15–20 minutes is enough, when supercooling the vessels will suffer, and the swelling will increase even more.

1) Choose the right shoes for the child: winter boots should securely fix the ankle, and the sole must be ribbed, “anti-slip”.

2) Teach your child to walk properly: you should walk slowly on slippery ice, slightly slipping, as if on small skis.

3) Explain how safer to fall: sideways; when falling forward you can not put your hands in front of you and land on them; falling on your back, you need to press your chin to your chest and spread your arms as wide as possible.

4) Urgently call a doctor if:

  • after a fall or blow, the baby cries harder and longer than usual;
  • he turned pale, trembling, covered with cold sweat, his palms became cold and wet;
  • the child cannot move the injured limb;
  • the damaged limb “hangs” in an unnatural position;
  • after head injury, nausea, vomiting, fever, loss of consciousness;
  • after eye injury there is any change in the eyeball, swelling, bruise, lacrimation, photophobia, involuntary closing of the eyelids.

You should know the phone numbers and addresses of emergency around the clock assistance and emergency points in your area.

Emergency station at the Research Institute of Emergency Pediatric Surgery and Traumatology: around the clock and for free, regardless of place of residence.

О admin

x

Check Also

It does not hurt the tummy

Most often in babies up to 6 months there are such intestinal infections as rotavirus, ...

Let’s be friends!

Friendship is a broad concept that includes the ability to meet, to show sympathy and ...

Children – children about opera

All actors of the performances are graduates and pupils of the College named after GP. ...

Children for two children: how to equip?

In the search for a compromise, delicacy is first and foremost important. The situation of ...

There is a shortage (lactase)

Lactase deficiency (as doctors call this condition) occurs when a child lacks lactase, an enzyme ...

Detoxification: cleansing the body according to the rules

Literally, the term “detoxification” is translated from ancient Greek as an action to remove the ...

Hot drinks

Berry juice contains many vitamins, and therefore is useful for both prevention and treatment of ...

Recommendations of Soviet doctors

Yes, and take the “chemistry” on their own, without a doctor’s prescription, is not recommended. ...

Yes you are an esthete

How to raise a child esthetem? You can start at any age, so do not ...

October horoscope

In the 1st decade of small Aries, there is an excess of energy. It is ...

How to start trusting your husband again?

The physical closeness of this girl to your home reminds you of treason, of the ...

There is a contact

However, conversations with the stomach are not easily given to all parents – to some ...

Once again about love: the sexual life of pregnant

Within 9 months, the attitude of future parents to have sex will change, and this ...

We are going on vacation!

Be sure to discuss your vacation plans with your doctor. If there are any complications ...

Breastfeeding: the main thing – a good start

One of the main rules of success – the correct position of the mother and ...

If the track is long …

Do not rush to explore uncharted paths immediately after arriving at a new place. Let ...

Horoscope for November

In the 1st decade, young Aries are very serious about everything. From 10 to 24 ...

Technique for life

First of all, it is an important part of the world, because the Earth, the ...

Can a pregnant woman travel: where and when

Before going to a travel agency, the expectant mother should look into her doctor. It ...

How to equip a nursery for the future first graders

The age at which children enter first grade coincides with a transitional stage in the ...

Specialty Food

Functional nutrition (FP) – the so-called new chapter of our life – is made up ...

Lose weight in French: hips, legs, buttocks

Our buttocks, thighs, and legs are a whole thing! We always think that they are ...

Hormonal (genital) crisis in a newborn

The genital crisis of newborns is a unique way of adapting a baby to new ...

New Year’s story in “Masterslavl”: a marathon of good deeds!

This year, Masterslavl City Council continues the marathon of good deeds, and according to tradition, ...