With the onset of cold weather due to temperature differences, the small superficial vessels of the skin narrow, the blood supply is disturbed and the metabolism decreases. The epidermis dries out and is deficient in moisture and nutrients.
The skin becomes pale, lethargic, dry, peeling or irritation. It is known that in winter the sebaceous glands, including those responsible for the formation of the water-lipid mantle, work half way. And, as a result, the skin type changes somewhat – in winter it is more prone to dryness (even in the case of oily porous skin).
This fact must be taken into account when selecting daily care.
In addition to dryness, many face the problem of cold allergies. It manifests itself in the form of rashes on the face, legs and hands, resembling a nettle burn. Redness, blistering, puffiness appear on the affected areas, and all this is accompanied by severe itching.
This “trouble” can overtake you even with a slight decrease in temperature. After a few hours, the traces disappear. To prevent such a problem from occurring, Yulia Dyachenko, dermo-cosmetologist of the Vallex M Institute of Medical Aesthetics, recommends stimulating skin defenses. “As at any time of the year, home care should consist of three main stages: soft cleaning, moisturizing and nutrition.
Moisturizing procedures in the winter is better to transfer to the evening. The aqueous phase of such products in the cold quickly cools on the surface of the skin and turns into microscopic crystals that can damage the epidermis.
That is why in the cold season it is recommended to use nourishing creams during the day, and at night, after cleansing, intensively moisturize the skin.
In the morning, no less than half an hour before going out into the frost, you should apply nutritional or special “winter” creams with a high content of vegetable oils and components that make up the natural moisturizing factor (NMF) to maintain the level of skin’s natural moisture. ” In the charts of nutritional ingredients: Karite oil, cereals, almonds, vegetable oils, royal jelly, beeswax. In cold weather, as well as clothes, apply face products in several layers: first, serum, then cream – it is better if they are of the same brand.
Before applying the cream, rub the fingertips together to bring blood to them. So the tool is better absorbed into the skin.
Do not forget about the neck and neckline. They also suffer from the winter cold, and under high collars and scarves the skin weakens and fades.
The skin of the hands contains five times less moisture than the skin of the face and body. And stresses, adverse weather conditions, contact with water and detergents additionally affect it, making it dry and rough.
In the winter, the skin looked great, in addition to the use of special care products, you need to remember a number of important points. Wear gloves before you leave the house, so that the transition from heat to cold is not so sharp.
Avoid cold water – causes of frostbite and heat shocks to which your hands are especially sensitive.
Be sure to apply hand cream twice a day: in the morning, before going out, and in the evening, before going to bed. Although ideally a moisturizer is recommended to be used after each contact with water.
Do not forget to cover the nails with cream, they also suffer from dehydration. The correct texture of the cream – nourishing and well absorbed – should not leave shine on hands. Small test: put your finger on the page of the newspaper: if there is a stain on it, then the cream is too greasy.
Many women complain that during pregnancy the skin of the body and hands lost elasticity and became dry. This is due to the increased production of the hormone estrogen.
To avoid discomfort, you need to drink enough water and moisturize the skin with preparations from natural ingredients.
According to Elena Martynova, Neutrogena’s professional marketing manager, in the winter for hand care, it is better to give preference to products containing glycerin and vegetable oils (Karite, olive, sunflower oil). The latter contain valuable fats for the skin, necessary for the formation of a protective barrier. Particular attention would be paid to glycerin.
It turns out that in the human body there are “special agents” – aquaglyceroporin transport proteins, which ensure the penetration of glycerol through cell membranes. So glycerin is not just a skin-related ingredient, but extremely necessary for it.
Lips are not able to protect themselves from the cold, because they are deprived of the sebaceous glands. Their structure is as thin as the structure of the eye. The habit of licking your lips and kissing in the wind makes them even more vulnerable.
So make it a rule to keep hygienic lipstick on hand. To get rid of dead cells, apply a scrub of fine texture on the lips as needed, and before going to bed – a nourishing balm with a thick layer, like a face mask.