Главная 7 Child development 7 When bad behavior is something more: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

When bad behavior is something more: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

When bad behavior is something more: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (USA) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) most often occurs in children of preschool and primary school age. Experts estimate that between three and five percent of children in the United States (about 2 million children) have ADHD.

This makes it one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children.

It is difficult for hyperactive children to control their behavior. They act without thinking, and often have problems concentrating.

Even if the baby understands what is required of him, he may have problems: such children cannot sit still, concentrate on the details and do something for a long time.

But most young children behave in a similar way. Remember how many times you tried to seat your fidget at the kitchen table, and he again and again ran away from you?

And the story of homework, when the baby has other “important” things? So how then to understand the reason for this behavior: a mental disorder, or, say, a bad upbringing?

The difference with ADHD is that the symptoms of this disorder are present for a long time and disrupt the child’s ability to work normally at school, to communicate with peers and parents.

When bad behavior is something more: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Symptoms of ADHD appear for months, even years. The main characteristics of the disorder are inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Based on these signs, ADHD is divided into three types:

Type with a predominance of attention deficit

This type is the most difficult to diagnose. The child does not seem violent and behaves quietly. In general, it seems that this is an ordinary kid: he sits behind his homework, thinks about something.

It may seem to you that he is solving a problem in his mind or is dreaming. In fact, the child may have a problem with concentration.

And although this manifestation of ADHD is not as severe as, for example, hyperactivity, these children need help as much as other kids with ADHD.

Symptoms of type with a predominance of attention deficit:

Very often they go unnoticed. If you recognize your child in most of these symptoms, be sure to consult your doctor.

  • Inability to focus on details, permanent errors and censuses
  • Short attention span
  • Problems understanding words spoken by someone
  • It’s hard for him to follow instructions
  • Easily distracted by extraneous sounds and noises.
  • Forgetfulness
  • Constantly loses things

When bad behavior is something more: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Type with prevalence of hyperactivity / impulsivity

“Awl in one place” is the most accurate description of a child of this type. He is constantly in motion: he runs, jumps, twitches, fidgets in a chair, or knocks his fingers on the surface.

He cannot sit at dinner or school lessons. This baby acts quickly, without thinking and ignoring the consequences.

It is difficult for him to predict them, and he says that the first comes to mind. Emotions are his everything.

Such behavior can affect school performance, the ability of the child to communicate with peers and parents. So do not be surprised if the kid brings a diary with a comment about bad behavior.

Symptoms of a type with a predominance of hyperactivity / impulsivity:

  • Constant agitations, strange poses, causeless anxiety
  • It is difficult for him to stay in one place for a long time.
  • All the time runs, overcomes obstacles and climbs trees
  • Can’t play softly
  • Constant chatter; the habit of interrupting and wedging into someone else’s conversation
  • Shouts out an answer before the whole question is answered.

Symptoms of both attention deficit and hyperactivity / impulsivity appear. The most common and most serious version of ADHD.

When bad behavior is something more: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Not all children who appear to be hyperactive, inattentive, or absent-minded have ADHD. So how do you know for sure?

If you have any suspicions about this, go to a specialist. It is important that the child be carefully examined and made the correct diagnosis.

Since ADHD can be inherited, be prepared for the doctor to ask about other members of your family.

To exclude other diseases, take the child to an optometrist and otolaryngologist: problems with vision and hearing can contribute to behavior, as in ADHD.

If the suspicions are correct, and the doctor assumes that the child has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, he should consult with other specialists to make an official diagnosis. Neurologists, child psychiatrists and psychologists are usually able to detect ADHD.

Since the characteristic patterns of behavior in ADHD are widespread among ordinary children, the following factors are taken into account for diagnosis:

  • Behavior is more aggressive than other children.
  • Behavior manifests itself at the age of 7 years
  • Behavior continues for at least 6 months
  • Behavior creates problems in at least two areas of life: at school, in the family, with friends

When bad behavior is something more: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Children with similar symptoms, but who do not have problems at school, at home and with friends, will not be diagnosed with ADHD. However, a child who is unable to concentrate at school, but having problems in other areas has the potential to have ADHD. In addition, it is important to consider whether these symptoms are related to stressful situations in the family (relocation, divorce, death of a loved one).

The reaction to life events is not ADHD.

Fortunately, modern doctors, educators and teachers are taught to recognize mental disorders in children. A child with bad behavior is no longer called a “difficult child” because it has become clear that children with ADHD are not “bad” by default.

Unfortunately, a child with ADHD will inevitably face difficulties. But in your power to help him live a full life.

О admin


Check Also

Unpleasant feelings: who will help if

… if urges to urinate become more frequent in the first and third trimesters; incontinence ...

Educational premieres of the TV channel “Oh! “

In September, a charming little boy Yevsey in the “Bukvariy” project will help children learn ...

What kind of children are harmed by the “after-meal”?

One child will only benefit from the extension, another can seriously harm it. Making the ...

Nurturing the senses

So capable was Masha. It was the best at school – parents did not know ...

Child education

In the articles of this column, you will learn how to properly raise a child. ...

Hair restoration after the summer: maximum program

Summer leaves not only a handful of shells, a bronze tan and a couple of ...

Educational reception “Aunt looks at you”

On the one hand, in pedagogy such a technique is not welcome – it is ...

Charging against osteochondrosis

Standing position, feet shoulder width apart. Straighten your back, raise your straight arm and rotate ...

For the first time in the arena

Although at first glance it seems that all models of playpens are similar to each ...

The cartoon “My Personal Elk” will represent Russia at the Berlin Film Festival

As Dieter Kosslick, the directorate of the Berlin International Festival, said at a press conference ...

World experience: how English schools differ from Russian ones

In fact, this is a difficult question. The phenomenon has both positive and negative sides. ...

The main rules of flights with children

If you have a trip with a child on an airplane on your nose, the ...

Star Children: The Psychologist’s Opinion

All parents want the child to be successful and take place in life, but only ...

Choosing a stroller for a newborn

The baby carriage cradle is a full-fledged carriage for a newborn. The basket, located at ...

The path to the pot: we act according to plan

Usually, if a child is less than 1.5 years old, his nervous system is not ...

Breathe your nose

A long-term violation of nasal breathing in childhood not only adversely affects the development of ...

Questions otolaryngologist

The child is 4.5 years old. Adenoiditis 3rd degree. ENT from the district clinic recommends ...

Raising girls in the modern world

What is femininity, the question is more sociocultural. The main verdict is gender stereotypes, which ...

Breastfeeding and colic

Breast milk is unique in its biological composition and provides the baby with all the ...

Our expertise: new children’s sunscreen

When going to the sea, every time I sacrifice exactly a quarter of the suitcase ...

Everything has its time

Every modern girl practically with mother’s milk absorbed common truths for skin care of the ...

Zen Education: Oriental Wisdom Principles

In the morning, your baby is in no hurry to go to breakfast and does ...

Children’s Day in the park “Kuzminki”

At 12:00 the Children’s Day will begin in the park with a long-awaited event: on ...

Baby’s skin – mother’s care

Usually it occurs due to overheating, when the baby sweats heavily. Then on his shoulders, ...