Everyone can lose their balance and fall, including a woman who is expecting a child. At first glance, it even seems that pregnant women have more reasons for this. But statistics show the opposite: women “in position” fall much less frequently than others simply because they behave cautiously.
True, they learn this behavior is not immediately.
In the first trimester, a fall is possible because the expectant mother has not yet tuned in to her new state and is still striving to do everything quickly and without help. And it does not take into account that rush and excessive loads often become causes of falls, which are especially undesirable in its position.
And from high heels that reduce stability, “beginning” pregnant, too, is not ready to give up. Later, she will become more cautious, learn to bypass dangerous places and put on practical shoes.
Hormonal changes, toxicosis and vascular spasms in the early stages of pregnancy sometimes provoke dizziness and fainting. To avoid the effects of fainting, you need to learn to recognize its symptoms. Before loss of consciousness, suffocation appears, heart palpitations, legs become wadded, drops of sweat appear on the forehead.
If we notice these changes in time, the consequences of the fall can be mitigated. It is recommended to stop, sit down or lean on the wall, ask for help from passersby.
The easiest way to fall off the ladder: you can lose balance when climbing and descending. Not only slippery steps and staggering rails increase the danger, but also mobile phone conversations.
So it is better to get rid of this “bad habit”.
Between 10 and 23 weeks pregnant women fall very rarely. Their body has already adapted to the changes, the state has stabilized, the experiences subsided.
The woman tuned in for a long wait and calmly engaged in current affairs. After the 24th week, the hormonal background of a pregnant woman changes, and with it her mood. It’s as if the future mom wakes up from sleep and begins to prepare a nest for the child at an accelerated pace.
At this time, the family usually starts up repairs and makes major purchases for the baby. Pregnant is actively involved in the process, it seems that without it, nothing happens. Very often, the husband, returning home after work, sees that his wife, standing on a chair, is trying to hang new curtains or tear off old wallpaper.
Such activity increases the risk of falling. The situation persists until 29–31 weeks of pregnancy.
After this period, the hormonal leveling off, the woman becomes calmer.
Natural mechanisms protect against serious consequences of falls. They work constantly, they are not disconnected even in the period of carrying a child.
One of them – reflex muscle relaxation with loss of consciousness – protects against miscarriage in early pregnancy, when the fertilized egg has not yet been fixed in the uterus. During fainting, consciousness is turned off, the muscles no longer receive impulses from the brain and relax, therefore the force of the blow is significantly reduced.
In the second and third trimesters, the placenta firmly holds the fetus. It is surrounded by elastic cells of the uterus, which absorb shock as much as possible.
And the fetus “protects” amniotic fluid, fetal membranes, pelvic bones and the upper layer of the peritoneum.
By the 29th – 31st week, all life-supporting systems of the child are formed, it remains for him to gain the necessary weight and strength. The fetus begins to grow rapidly, and with it increases the belly of the expectant mother. And only due to the redistribution of the load she manages to walk without losing balance and not falling.
In the later periods, pregnant women walk, leaning back. At the same time, the center of gravity shifts from the middle part of the spine to the sacrum, the distance between the feet increases, the knees bend more and better spring, the stability increases.
But even with such a “support” one must be careful.
The consequences of falls during pregnancy are conditionally divided into two groups: some can cause harm to the child, others to the woman herself. The danger to the fetus appears only under extraordinary circumstances, for example, when falling from a great height or when a car collides at high speed.
And the future mothers are most likely the most banal soft tissue injuries, dislocations, sprains, fractures and concussion. They bring many serious experiences. Concussion can cause vomiting, fractures – pain shock.
But all these states do not affect the health of the baby. Local anesthesia, which may be necessary during the imposition of gypsum on a complex fracture, will also not harm him.
Due to a fall in the II trimester, a small vessel that connects the placenta with the uterus can be injured, leading to partial (non-progressive) detachment of the placenta. This condition is always asymptomatic and does not affect the development of the fetus.
The fact that it took place in general will become known already after the delivery by small blood clots on the placenta.
At a later stage of pregnancy (34–36 weeks) for the same reason, progressive placental abruption develops. She provokes the onset of labor.
With timely help, everything ends in childbirth and the birth of a healthy baby.
The consequences of hitting the floor, pavement or the ground can be minimized if you learn to fall correctly. Already in the process of falling, you should at least turn the body to the side a little to land on its side, then the probability of a fracture and concussion will decrease. In the fall, you can not put forward and bend the legs and arms, they must lie flat on the ground, the whole surface.
Then the force of impact is distributed over a large area, and the fracture can be avoided.
If the fall has happened, we must act according to plan. Even if the force of the strike seemed insignificant, it is recommended to call an ambulance. When you have the opportunity to stay in place, you should use it and lie quietly for a minute or two, move your legs with your hands, assessing your condition.
There is nowhere to hurry: everything happened, and help is on the way. Even in winter, lying in the snow, it is not worth rushing. Within a couple of minutes, the body will not have time to overcool, and the probability of getting sick is minimal.
From a sharp rise can jump blood pressure and dizzy. Therefore, it is recommended to get up slowly, preferably with the help of outsiders.
Do not follow the advice of strangers – they are likely to be poorly oriented in the situation. It is necessary to rise to your feet from a comfortable position, without unnecessary muscular tension, for example, from the knees. When falling on your back, you should first sit down, leaning on your hands, and then, rearranging them, move to your knees.
When falling on your stomach, you should immediately turn on your side and from this position get on your knees.
The ambulance will bring the pregnant woman to the hospital, where she will be examined by several specialists: a therapist, a traumatologist, and necessarily an obstetrician-gynecologist. If there are no fractures, dislocations and sprains, the examination by an obstetrician-gynecologist will be the longest. First, the doctor will listen to the heartbeat of the child, then he will ask about the nature of the fall, find out if the stomach is hurting.
Then, through the abdominal surface, it probes whether the uterus has increased. If in doubt, the examination will continue in the gynecological chair.
The doctor will notice that the cervix is shortened, as before childbirth. The last point of the inspection will be an ultrasound of the pelvic organs. If no violations are found on this examination either, the expectant mother can be free.
Fatigue and feelings sometimes provoke fainting, so it’s better to call a taxi or wait for relatives to arrive.
Simple recommendations will help to avoid falls during pregnancy.
- No need to keep your hands in the pockets of clothes, they can be balanced when walking. It is easier to keep balance even on a slippery track. This skill does not hurt and after pregnancy.
- During the walk, the bag is better left at home; it makes it difficult to balance it with your hands.
- In the rain and ice should not go out alone. Support maintainer will stop falling.
- Do not take long steps.
- Purchases, even a few, should be evenly distributed in the hands – this will increase the sustainability.
- Due to slippery soles shoes or boots will increase the risk of falling. Already with the purchase, you can determine whether the shoes will slide. If a scratch remains on the sole with a fingernail after holding, then reliable adhesion to the ground is ensured.
- Climbing and descending the stairs, you should hold on to the railing.
- Before you sit on a chair, you need to make sure that he is near. And if you even drove a couple of centimeters, you can miss.
- It is necessary to get up slowly from the sofa, bed or from the table so as not to feel dizzy.