Bellies – one of the most common problems of the feet. Outwardly, they resemble coarse skin that does not have a clear outline. Gradually, the skin cells die off, but do not fall off, and are pressed into a solid layer.
The main reasons for this is wearing tight, uncomfortable shoes, in which the weight when walking is distributed incorrectly, and the skin is constantly irritated, and flatfoot. It is better not to brush the corns aggressively with the help of pumice and especially not to cut them off with scissors.
To choose the method of getting rid of corns, it is better to consult a dermatologist, who will recommend special softening (keratolytic) agents. Usually they contain salicylic acid in different concentrations, vegetable oils, glycerin and help soften the thickening on the skin.
It is important that the remedy is not in contact with healthy skin. Therefore, at first, the natoptysh is steamed in an antibacterial bath, then a patch is stuck on it, in which a small hole is made by the size of the natoptysh. That is, in the end it should turn out so that the sling was completely open, and the skin around it is sealed with a plaster.
Then a medicinal agent is applied to the natoptysh, and the top is glued with a plaster for 6-8 hours, after which it can be easily removed with a brush or float for a pedicure. Chronic natoptysh almost always are evidence of the development of flatfoot, so it is useful to visit the orthopedic surgeon, who will select the appropriate method of correction.
These skin seals that occur on the toes and heels, in contrast to corns, have clear rounded borders and, as a rule, are painful.
Corns are wet and dry. In wet calluses, fluid accumulates, which signals that the deeper layers of the skin are damaged; sometimes it even bleeds. Over time, wet corns turn into dry ones that have a rod.
In no case do not need to open a wet callus, because it is the liquid that protects the affected place, promoting gradual healing.
The cause of the appearance of corns is prolonged friction or pressure on the skin that occurs when wearing tight, stiff shoes or unsuitable socks and tights. Treat corn using keratolytic agents; in some cases, when suppuration occurs, they have to be surgically removed.
The true cause of plantar warts is human papilloma virus type 1 and type 4. Even if a person is infected, the virus may not manifest at all, but if the immunity is low, and there are microtraumas on the legs (scratches, cuts, corns), there is a risk of a wart. At first, it often causes no discomfort and is almost imperceptible: it is a small seal 2–5 mm in diameter.
However, over time, the wart may begin to grow or they may become larger. A wart increases in size if the skin at the site of its appearance is constantly irritated – for example, you rub it with uncomfortable shoes.
Sometimes plantar warts grow to a centimeter or more, go to the fingers, the entire sole. The wart itself does not bring harm to health, but as it grows it can become inflamed, become painful; the person is uncomfortable with walking.
The biggest mistake when a wart appears on the foot is to try to remove it yourself. Having parried and trying to cut or squeeze out a wart, you can only hurt yourself by provoking its growth or adding suppuration to the original problem.
The fact is that in contrast to the same sings, warts are located not on the surface of the skin, but deeply in its layers. And the main task is to remove the wart root.
This problem should be referred to a dermatologist. He will perform a dermatoscopy – an examination of the skin with a multiple increase, will accurately determine if it is a wart or something else, decide whether to remove it.
In the case of a good immune response, small warts disappear on their own. If removal is necessary, one of the following methods is used: surgical removal, cryodestruction (using liquid nitrogen), radio wave surgery and laser removal. The method is chosen depending on the specific problem.
Surgical removal is currently rarely performed, as it is very traumatic. Cryodestruction requires several procedures. Now experts increasingly prefer radio wave removal – it is atraumatic, “bloodless”, performed under local anesthesia.
After wart removal, it is very important to conduct its research in order to exclude the possibility of the appearance of malignant tumors.
Additionally, antiviral therapy is carried out to help the body reduce the manifestations of the papillomavirus. But it should be understood that this is a chronic disease, which can not be completely cured.
Therefore, in order for warts to not return, you need not only to follow the rules of hygiene, but also to keep yourself in shape and strengthen your immune system.
There are many types of fungus causing skin lesions on the feet, but the symptoms of infection are of the same type:
- The appearance of red stripes, and then cracks in the skin between the fingers.
- Dry skin between the fingers, peeling, spreading over time to other areas of the foot.
- Burning, soreness in feet.
- Skin thickening, unhealthy shine.
- Change in skin color in places affected by fungus; usually redness.
- The formation on the skin of the stop bubbles with liquid.
When these symptoms appear, you should immediately contact a dermatologist, because the fungus, if not treated, can spread to other fingers, the entire foot, and nails. The appearance of deep cracks increases the possibility of infection.
In addition, there is a risk of infection of other family members (through the use of a bathroom, common slippers, etc.).
Many pathogens are constantly present on the skin, they normally do not show themselves, but under certain circumstances they can begin to develop and cause disease. There are several factors that increase the risk of fungal foot disease:
- Long stay of feet in a humid environment with elevated temperature (as a rule, in people with excessive sweating of the extremities, with constant wetting of shoes).
- Long wearing close shoes from low-quality materials.
- Foot microtraumas (cuts, calluses).
- The presence of diseases that reduce blood flow in the area of the feet: varicose veins, diabetes.
- Immunodeficiency states of the body: with HIV infection or long-term use of hormonal drugs.
If a foot fungus has appeared, it will not pass without the use of special means even if all the hygiene rules are observed. Modern antifungal agents can cope with the fungus quickly enough – on average, it takes about two weeks.
It is also important to try to eliminate as far as possible factors favoring the occurrence of the fungus.
At first glance, it seems that corns or fungus are a local nuisance. In fact, most of the problems with the feet arise in connection with the lack of attention to yourself, the wrong way of life.
As in many other cases, foot disease is easier to prevent than to cure. As a prophylaxis, we can recommend:
Competent selection of shoes:
- Shoes should be comfortable; tight, uncomfortable shoes create constant pressure or friction in the area of the foot. It is necessary to avoid shoes with narrowed noses, with a shoe that is not suitable for you. They say that beauty requires sacrifice, but in fact, even for the sake of fashion, there is no need to endure discomfort: sooner or later this will lead to problems.
- If possible, avoid shoes that are too high with bows: the load on the feet is unevenly distributed, and corns and calluses may appear.
- Shoes must be made from quality materials. Genuine leather is preferable to stiff, non-bending leatherette. Now you can choose shoes from special “breathable” materials that allow the foot to be in comfortable conditions, avoid excessive sweating.
Personal care and personal hygiene:
- Use individual shoes. Do not try on shoes on bare feet. Do not wear “slippers on duty” at a party, especially if they are closed and made of cloth, as there is always a chance of infection with a fungus. Better go away barefoot. The ideal option for guest slippers is rubber or plastic washable sandals with open toes.
- When going to public pools, saunas, try to stand as low as possible with bare feet on the floor, wear only your slippers. After the end of the session you need to take a shower and be sure to wipe your feet dry before putting on your shoes. Often, women go to the sauna or swimming pool after a morning fitness workout, and then they are too slow to dry their feet. As a result, synthetic tights are worn on wet feet, and then boots. In this shoe a woman spends the whole day. And if the fungus got on the skin during classes, then in such a moist warm environment the risk of infection is very high.
- If your feet sweat a lot, you need to use special local remedies – gels, creams or talcum powder. Sometimes sweating – a temporary phenomenon associated with low-quality materials from which made shoes.
- Regular pedicure (at least once a month) in a professional salon will help to keep your feet not only beautiful, but also healthy. Proper care will relieve the tension. It is important that all hygiene rules are respected in the salon – the master used individual sterilized instruments. The most safe and atraumatic method – apparatus pedicure.
- Regular application of softening and moisturizing cosmetics on the feet will help to avoid dryness and cracks that can cause infections.
- Do not forget about well-fitting socks and tights, which will not “stray” and create inconvenience. And, of course, they must be clean.
The timely decision of orthopedic problems. One of the frequent causes of the appearance of various formations on the feet is their deformation. Refer to the doctor orthopedic surgeon, and he will help to diagnose and select the correct method of correction.
For example, with flat-footedness, he will give recommendations on the selection of shoes and special insoles. Often you can get rid of corns only by solving orthopedic problems.
Getting rid of excess weight. Overweight can cause various diseases, including foot deformities, which, in turn, leads to scuffing and calluses.
General strengthening of immunity and a healthy lifestyle:
- A balanced diet that includes all groups of foods rich in vitamins.
- Full rest: sleep at least 8 hours a day, adherence to the day.
- Active lifestyle: walking, playing sports.
Corns and calluses often appear in pregnant women due to the natural increase in body weight and weakened immunity. In order to avoid them, during this period it is better to switch to looser, soft, comfortable shoes with a small thickened heel or to stop at the sports version.
With the appearance of plantar warts during pregnancy, it is necessary to consult with a dermatologist. If the warts are small and do not cause unpleasant sensations, the doctor will probably suggest that you watch them and wait until they are removed before the postpartum period, when the woman is ready.
If the warts bother, ache, inflame, removal is carried out during pregnancy, using local anesthesia. Like any other intervention, it is stressful for the mother and the unborn child, so the doctor takes the decision as responsibly as possible.