At the age of 12 months, the baby will have a scheduled examination of medical specialists. A pediatrician, a neurologist and an orthopedist will carefully inspect the crumb, make a conclusion and be sure to give useful advice. Every child is very individual.
And what explains the lack of walking skills at this age for one person does not suit the other at all. For each case – its own decision. Most often, when in a year with a small baby still does not walk on its own, there is no reason for concern.
Everyone has his own pace of development, and if he is not the same as his neighbor, this does not mean that everything is bad. Be patient!
Before the baby takes the first steps, he must be ready for this – to accumulate enough sensations, to check the reliability of the leg support, to gain stability, to develop precise coordination of movements in combination with the functions of all important organs and systems – vision, hearing, vestibular apparatus, strengthen muscles, ligaments, bones.
Provide enough space for your child to travel. Try not to keep it in a small space for a long time, for example, in an arena or on a high chair. On the contrary, stimulate and push for new, independent discoveries.
Do not limit its activity, but at the same time be sure to look at the crumbs for security reasons: it is still too small and can easily be injured.
In good and warm weather, making sure that there are no objects on the ground about which he can get hurt, you can give him the opportunity to walk barefoot. After all, there are many active points on the feet, with the help of which he will feel a foothold and gradually gain confidence.
So, any, even the most insignificant, seemingly movement using the signal system transmits information from the brain to the muscles of various kinds, including tension and relaxation of the tone. The points of support signal the degree of pressure and its distribution in the foot, the vestibular apparatus indicates the position of the body relative to the center of gravity and the earth’s surface.
1. Crawling on your lap. Taking the baby with one hand under the chest and pushing it to one side, put him on his knees, but do not let him lean on them with all his weight. Begin to roll it slightly to the right side, on one knee.
Trying to lean on it, the child will try to push the other leg forward, as if to step. Did you feel it?
Start crossing it on the exposed leg, stimulating the extension of the second leg. Repeat the movement, gradually reducing support and increasing support.
2. There is no need to specifically teach crawling, but you can stimulate development like this: when insuring the baby with one hand under the breast, carefully pull one of his knees to the side and create an emphasis under him. At the same time, use your other hand to encourage the baby to rise, leaning on this knee.
In this position, try to gently unbalance the child so that he, in an attempt to preserve him, makes any movements with his hand or foot. Or, insuring the crumb under the body with his left hand, try again to crawl, with the difference that this time allow him to fully lean on his knees, and palm.
Gradually reduce insurance, increasing the child’s contribution to the exercise.
3. Learning to get up from your knees can be done like this: clasping the baby under the breast and pressing it to her for safety, put him on your knees, then bring your foot forward and, fixing it, induce him to lean on the foot and stand. Repeat the same with the other leg. By developing this exercise further, you can teach the child to stand from any low seat.
Push him for ass, make him lean on the foot. Complicate the exercise, activate the crumb by squeezing at first only by the handles, and then only by the fingers.
When the kid learns to get up from his knees and from a low seat, there should be no more problems with walking.