The first check of the baby’s eyes is still in the hospital. This task is undertaken by a neonatologist: he checks whether a small eye has impaired eye development or if its mucosa is inflamed.
After all, even in such a “tender” age, these problems are not so rare: according to statistics, 5–10 kids out of 100 show some kind of eye trouble or suspicion of it.
During this time, you need to get acquainted with the oculist from the children’s clinic, where your little one is attached. On examination, the doctor will first check how the small patient sees: the baby, who is one month old, should be interested in looking at the lit lamp and keep an eye on the bright toy in the doctor’s hand, and the two-month baby will be able to keep his eyes on it for a while.
At three months, the child is revived at the sight of her mother’s breast or a bottle of the mixture, smiles at a loved one, and at four begins to grab the toys that are shown to him.
In addition, the doctor will assess how mobile the baby’s eyes are and whether they mow. He will examine how transparent the shell that covers the front of the eye (the cornea) is, whether the mucosa is calm (the conjunctiva), whether there are tears in the eyes.
And the doctor will have to make sure that the pupils and fundus of the child are normal.
By this age, the crumb should see well not only toys, but also all sorts of “small things” like crumbs and litters on the floor. A sharp-witted baby is easily oriented in his favorite toys, he distinguishes pictures, vividly watches his mother’s hands when she feeds him, and behind passers-by on the street.
In the clinic, the ophthalmologist will assess how little he has mastered the “standards” that he has been given, and then he drops the child’s pupil dilating drops. This is done in order to more accurately check the state of the lens and the fundus of the eye, and also evaluate the refractive ability of the eye (refraction) and see if it is not disturbed – in other words, your child does not have astigmatism, myopia or long-sightedness.
But if the doctor finds that the farsightedness is small, then parents can be calm. Do not be surprised, because it is this state that is considered the norm for one-year-old kids.
True, if the long-sightedness is large, even such a tiny one will have to arm with glasses, and you will need to wear them, so that the baby’s eyes do not start to mow.
Observations of an oculist will also require such disorders as myopia or astigmatism. In this case, you will need to visit the doctor on a special schedule in order to prevent possible complications in time.
This is especially important if vision problems are already familiar to someone from the family of the baby.