Vegetarianism is a nutritional system in which the consumption of animal products is limited or they are completely excluded from the diet. In any case, animal protein is replaced by a stasis or is completely replaced by protein, which is contained in vegetable products, primarily soybeans, beans and other legumes.
Such a diet has undoubted advantages: in plant foods there is a lot of fiber, which improves the functioning of the digestive organs, removes harmful substances from the body and stimulates the development of beneficial microorganisms in the intestines. But at the same time, vegetarians do not get vitamin B12, which is found only in meat, milk and eggs, lacking vitamin Bone, zinc and iron. They are poorly digested from plant foods.
Vegans who eat only plant foods often have a lack of protein, calcium, and vitamin A and B.2.
If parents are supporters of vegetarianism, in most cases they exclude meat, and even dairy products also from the diet of an older child, gradually becoming involved in “adult” food. But a vegetarian diet for a growing body cannot be considered beneficial. In plant protein there is no complete set of amino acids necessary for the growth of a baby.
Cholesterol, which is contained in meat, is a participant in all cellular exchanges and the synthesis of hormones, including sex, and children must receive it from food. The high physical activity of the child causes his need for calcium, the main source of which is dairy products. In order for the toddler to grow normally and have a skeleton properly formed, besides calcium, vitamin D is needed. It can be found in fish, egg yolk, butter.
Refusal from animal products may result in anemia (due to iron and vitamin B deficiency12), growth retardation (due to lack of protein, zinc).