Главная 7 Child development 7 Varicose disease and pregnancy

Varicose disease and pregnancy

Varicose disease and pregnancy

To understand everything, let’s see how the blood circulation system of our body works. It consists of arteries, veins and capillaries.

Arteries deliver blood from the heart to the organs, and through the veins it moves back so that, once again saturated with oxygen, it goes down through the arteries. This process is called the venous inflow to the heart (see diagram).

The veins are equipped with valves, they let the blood through and close, not allowing it to flow down. If they do not cope with their work, the blood does not move upwards, stagnates in the vein, stretching its walls (see diagram).

With varicose veins, the lumen of the veins gradually widens, their walls become thinner, the valves do not work, as a result of which stagnation or distortion of the natural blood flow in the venous system begins.

Varicose veins are a disease of the whole organism, the most obvious manifestation of which is a change in the veins of the legs (up to the appearance of bulging plexuses of a bluish color). It often turns out that the veins of the uterus, ovaries, small pelvis, large and small labia and other organs are in the same condition. Varicose veins are one of the manifestations of permanent venous insufficiency that has become – stagnation or perversion of blood flow in the venous system.

But the most dangerous complication of varicose veins is thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the venous wall of the veins with the formation of blood clots) and vascular thromboembolism (blockage of the affected vessel with a thrombus).

In the development of varicose veins plays an important role:

  • heredity;
  • hormonal changes (pregnancy, childbirth, hormonal contraceptives with a high content of estrogen);
  • the constitution (the disease overtakes mainly complete and high);
  • race (the disease rarely occurs in people with yellow and black skin);
  • lifestyle (those who monitor the well-being of the vascular system, moves a lot, varicose veins is bypassed).

In the event that you are planning a pregnancy or are already waiting for the baby, your obstetrician-gynecologist must pay attention to the state of your venous system.

First of all, the doctor will ask you whether someone from your family has had varicose veins, what diseases you have suffered, how many pregnancies and births you have, whether you used hormonal contraceptives. Then you will have a general gynecological examination, then the doctor will examine you (namely, the legs and external genital organs) to determine the condition of the venous system. If signs of varicose veins are found, then, in addition to ultrasound examinations of the genitals, you will be sent for analysis of the body’s coagulation system and ultrasound determination of blood flow parameters in the placenta and legs (the last item is necessary if the pregnancy has already occurred).

According to the results of these studies, the doctor prescribes treatment, and within 9 months you will be monitored not only by an obstetrician-gynecologist, but also by a phlebologist.

Varicose disease and pregnancy

Does varicose veins prevent pregnancy? No, but it predisposes to the appearance and development of the disease.

According to statistics, it occurs in 20-40% of future and young mothers. This happens for the following reasons:

  • in the body of a pregnant woman increases the volume of circulating blood, which means that the load on the circulatory system increases;
  • venous pressure increases and blood flow velocity in the leg vessels slows down (as you recall, this is exactly what happens with varicose veins, albeit on a more serious scale);
  • hormonal changes, and with it the blood supply of organs and tissues.

If the expectant mother already has varicose veins, she can complicate the course of pregnancy. It must be said that the risk of problems increases several times if the expectant mother, in addition to varicose veins, also has some kind of bacterial (for example, pyelonephritis) or viral (herpes, cytomegalovirus) infection.

Normally, venous blood returns to the heart like this: when we put a foot on the ground, under the weight of the body and pressure of the muscles of the arch of the foot, blood returns to the heart. This push continues to the muscles of the legs, which, following by contraction, compress the vein.

When blood rises to the heart, the valves prevent it from flowing back.

If the valves work poorly, the blood moves back down – and the vein expands.

Is it possible to mitigate the manifestations of varicose veins during pregnancy, if you take care of yourself before it occurs? What we can do?

It would be nice to comply with the rules, which we have already spoken. And besides:

  • Avoid short intervals between pregnancies (the safest interval in this regard is 2-3 years);
  • be careful about hormonal contraceptives, because their composition often contains quite a lot of estrogens, and in large quantities this substance has a bad effect on the vascular system;
  • in the morning and in the evening, arrange a contrast shower for the feet and calves – this stimulates the blood flow. Here only future mothers with this procedure need to be careful.

О admin


Check Also

Myths and truth about male cosmetics

A strong half of humanity is time to say goodbye to the stereotype “cosmetics is ...

My baby bites

Which parent doesn’t want his child to grow up kind and welcoming? But the spectrum ...

Adult chickenpox

At once it is necessary to make a clarification: for the so-called “children’s” diseases, the ...

Grandma next to my grandfather …

For any baby, family is very important. In this family, grandparents occupy a special place. ...

Daytime sleep is important!

Without sleep, no man can do anything, and someday a kid, struck by fatigue, will ...

Music for children

It has long been noted that gentle, pleasant music has a beneficial effect on the ...

How to choose winter clothes and shoes for children

Autumn has already come into its own, which means that the first snow and really ...

Family Frost Therapy

All parents want the child to grow up calm and positive, easily endure difficulties and ...

Where to relax in the winter with children

Rest in the middle lane is an opportunity to arrange a little time out without ...

Articulation gymnastics for children

Articulation gymnastics are special exercises for training the organs involved in the formation of speech ...

Home alone: ​​how to prepare a child?

In Israel, under 12 years old, you cannot leave a child alone. In many other ...

Day Watch (patronage)

In the first month of life, the baby needs the closest attention of the doctors. ...

Do not worry, I’m with you!

In the first months after birth, children are surprisingly sociable: they walk on their hands ...

Former wife makes it difficult to see my daughter “

The answer to the question you are asking is in the legal field of the ...

Pregnant driving: “I am not afraid! “

You got the long-awaited rights, and it coincided with your pregnancy? You go to your ...

Fragrant world of perfume

Today it is difficult to imagine the life of a modern person without already such ...

Weight gain

Given that on average a newborn baby weighs only 3–3.5 kg, and the weight gain ...

Pregnant at work: about the rights and safety rules

Nowadays, women are sure: pregnancy is not a reason to refuse work and favorite activities, ...

Anton and Victoria Makarsky: You will behave badly, you will not go to kindergarten!

HAPPY PARENTS: Traditionally, September marks the beginning of a new school year for us. Children ...

Pregnancy and work: prioritize

Modern women have proved by example: pregnancy is not a disease, and it cannot prevent ...

Everyone in the garden?

In any children’s team – it doesn’t matter if it is large (20 children in ...

Simple tricks: how to reduce calorie intake without dieting

Regardless of whether you want to lose a few dozen kilograms, or just a couple ...

Anti-cancer spices: what and how to eat them

Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. In terms of cancer, this statement ...

Grandmother instead of mother-in-law

How so? Isn’t it necessary to take care of establishing warm and positive relations with ...