Pigmentation is a complex mechanism for the organism to adapt to changes that occur inside or outside of us. But she promises nothing good. The appearance of dark spots lead to malfunction of melanocyte cells that synthesize melanin.
This is the pigment that is responsible for our favorite tan. But if it accumulates too much, instead of a uniform and beautiful color, the skin becomes covered with spots.
Bringing them out is not so easy, and if you do nothing, over time the pattern becomes darker and the skin coarsens and dims because the spots prevent it from reflecting well and shining from the inside.
Violations often occur either due to hormonal surges, or due to excessive ultraviolet light. In the first case, the spots may appear at any age. Although over the years the spots really become darker.
This process is called skin photoaging, and it is natural for all of us.
But often hyperpigmentation is a consequence of neglect. If you get involved in lotions with citric acid and apple cider vinegar, redness and peeling appear, and with time a pigment spot forms at the site of the compress. As after peels and laser procedures, carried out in the summer without complying with the recommendations of the beautician.
The same thing happens if you squeeze pimples. At the site of the brutal massacre, there remains first a blue-brown spot that lasts a long time.
At some stage, the pigment is activated, and it becomes dark brown. In all these cases we are talking about post-traumatic pigmentation.
While the spots have not yet appeared, it is better to take preventive measures.
In the summer aggressive peels just under the ban. In the sunny season at home it is allowed to use only surface agents with alpha-hydrochloride in a concentration not higher than 10%.
Daily use creams with sunscreens. There is no need to choose between physical and chemical. Both species must be composed.
Physical filters will create an impenetrable protective screen on the skin’s surface, while chemical filters will work on the lower level below it. But this is not enough. Look for antioxidants in the formula – the more, the better.
The most powerful currently recognized vitamins C and E. If they perform a duet, it will only be better. Antioxidants fight cell aging, preventing disruptions in the functioning of melanocytes as well.
And at the same time provide anti-stress protection from the effects of negative environmental factors. Also in the composition should be present moisturizing and regenerating components, so that the skin feels as comfortable as possible. Visibly simplify the task will help tinting ingredients: then in the morning you can do with just one cream.
Such 5-in-1 tools have already appeared, and they are currently the most convenient and effective.
Understand the SPF score. In winter, when the sky is overcast, 20 units are enough.
If it’s cold outside, but the sun is shining, choose the thirty. In the warm season, and especially on the beach, only 50 or 50+.
The same filter will be required if you have performed a photo or laser procedure the day before.
If you decide to remove the spots yourself, it is better to trust the famous brands, including the pharmacy.
The most effective ingredients today are arbutin and kojic acid. They work best in the company of antioxidants, for example, derivatives of vitamin C – ascorbyl palmitate and ascorbyl magnesium phosphate.
If the stains are persistent, the beautician will select a home course. True, it should be carried out in the winter.
Usually the program includes the use of clarifying agents for washing, basic care and point effects. The scheme of their use must also be prescribed by a doctor.
And if you have freckles, use lightening masks regularly.