Three whales of male fertility are the production of male germ cells (spermatogenesis), the transportation of spermatozoids and their ability to penetrate into the egg, to bring in genetic material.
Of course, the main contribution of a man to a successful conception is a good sperm, because for successful fertilization at least 10 million sperm must penetrate into the uterus! Its quality in turn depends on the level of the hormone testosterone in the body.
1. Age: after 35 years of age, testosterone production and sperm count in seminal fluid are reduced.
2. Weight: extra pounds lead to hormonal imbalance, inhibit the endocrine function of the testes, reduce sperm count and sperm motility.
3. Smoking: adversely affects sperm DNA. In addition, smoker’s seminal fluid is more susceptible to the aggressive influence of the weakly acidic environment of the vagina, which reduces the chances of the sperm cell to “survive.”
4. Alcohol: reduces the level of testosterone in the body and negatively affects the production of healthy sperm by the testicles.
5. Overheating (bath, sauna, synthetic underwear, wadding): sperm cells are very sensitive to heat, because the process of their formation takes place at a temperature that is 1-2 degrees lower than the temperature of the inner areas of the body.
6. Injuries to the groin area, tight clothing, potentially dangerous sports – cycling, martial arts.
7. Poor ecology and living conditions: polluted air, working with highly toxic substances, increased levels of radioactive radiation.
The deviation of the main indicators of sperm from the norm can also be affected: violations in the functioning of the testes, prostate gland and a number of small gonads. Examination of a man by a urologist will allow conclusions to be drawn about the possible presence of any disease or predisposition to it.
To improve the maturation of sperm, refrain from smoking, taking hot baths, frequent visits to the bath or sauna. Reduce alcohol intake as much as possible.
Attempts to conceive a child fail? If everything is in order on the female side, the future father of the family first of all needs to make a spermogram – an analysis that gives an idea of the concentration, number and motility of spermatozoa.
If the indicators are normal, mar-test is carried out. It detects spermatozoa “blocked” for fertilization by antibodies, i.e. covered with antispermal sheath. Another method of identifying the causes of infertility is the binding of spermatozoa by hyaluronic acid (“mature” spermatozoa are determined).
Nutrition – not the most important thing, but still an important condition for a successful conception. Make sure that the future father’s diet is regularly attended:
- Shellfish and egg yolk are rich in vitamin B12, which helps to actively form sperm.
- Dried fruits, sunflower oil, fish oil – regulate the endocrine system.
- Red pepper, broccoli, oranges, strawberries – contain vitamin C, which increases sperm motility.
- Spinach, turnip, almonds – improve the quality of sperm.
- Whole grain products, oysters, pine nuts, red meat – contribute to the development of “mobile” sperm, as well as the preservation of the maximum number of “good” sperm.
British scientists suggest that testosterone production in men is reduced in the cold season.
Brazilian nutritionists advise coffee men when planning a child not to give up their favorite drink: according to their observations, the sperm of men who drink 6 cups of coffee a day is more “mobile”.
Canadian psychologists say that chronic stress significantly slows the formation of sperm.
American physicians claim that the use of lubricants during sexual intercourse does not have a significant impact on conception.