The toothbrush, which is familiar to us, is a completely new invention, it appeared only 65 years ago. And indeed the use of the brush itself began not so long ago, in the 16th century. More specifically, in China in 1498, people first tried to attach pork bristles to a bamboo stick.
The invention has gained success and spread first throughout the country, and then migrated to Europe. Before the advent of such a brush that just was not used for dental hygiene. At first, a tuft of grass was a prototype of the brush, then in Ancient Greece and Egypt special sticks appeared, pointed at one end, like toothpicks, and at the other end, on the contrary, crushed.
In Russia, they practically did not use chopsticks, the common people rubbed their teeth with birch charcoal, and the bar used crushed chalk.
In 1950, a dentist, dentist Robert Hudson from California issued a patent for an invention that turned the history of dental hygiene: he proposed the world’s first toothbrush with soft nylon, non-traumatic enamel bristles.
Over the past 65 years in the history of the toothbrush, little has changed fundamentally. “Bicycle” has already been invented. But manufacturers do not leave hopes to surprise us: design, size, shape, and even the materials from which the brushes are made. Advertising is constantly shouting to us about new products, new super-efficient bristles, handles bending in all directions, vibrating heads, and so on and so forth.
How can one isolate the truth in this information flow, mainly of an advertising nature, which will help you choose a toothbrush that will be really effective in its intended purpose, and not just look beautiful in a cup on the toilet table.
Let’s find out which advertising claims and the new products behind them should be believed, and which ones should not.
Not. The bulky toothbrush head is unable to cope with hard-to-reach tooth surfaces.
It is much easier to manipulate the brush with a small head, the length of which does not exceed 1.5-2 teeth. It is still good, if the head of the brush narrows slightly to the top, this allows you to get to the most distant teeth of “wisdom.” There are also special monopuchkovye brushes that allow you to get to the most hidden places.
Therefore, do not chase long and bulky brushes and leave the motto “the more, the better” for the thickness of the bristles. Where did the big-head brushes come from then?
They came from … marketers. The fact is that most toothbrush manufacturers are also engaged in the production of toothpaste.
So, it turned out that the larger the head of the toothbrush, the more paste a person squeezes out of it during one brushing session. Bottom line: pasta is consumed faster, which means that its consumption is growing. Slyly?
A flexible handle may be more convenient than a regular one, but brushing your teeth is just a nuisance. In advertising you can be told that it absorbs and distributes pressure.
In fact, it simply limits it. Because of this, some areas, especially along the gum line, simply remain untreated.
The handle of the toothbrush should be simple and non-slip.
No, rubber bristles are useless. They are thick and take up a lot of space. As a result, the brush head either becomes too bulky, or there is not enough space on it for normal nylon bristles, which are just being cleaned.
Manufacturers usually state that thick rubber setae polish enamel well. But, as practice shows, they do poorly with this.
Want to polish the enamel, go to the appropriate procedure to the dentist or buy yourself a special brush with polyester bristles.
Yes, but make no mistake. Such a pad on the back of the brush head is really useful, but for lazy people. The tongue is a real incubator for harmful bacteria and microorganisms.
They accumulate there much more than on the teeth. For this reason, it is the tongue that sometimes becomes a source of bad breath. Therefore, it is necessary to clean it.
This can be done by the brush or pad. But for a thorough high-quality cleaning can not do without a separate scraper.
And by the way, remember: you need to brush your tongue before and not after the teeth.
Yes it is. Because of the natural porous structure of natural hairs, a large number of microorganisms penetrate them, and removing them is not an easy task.
Due to the same features of the structure of the bristles, the natural brush absorbs moisture and dries at times longer than an artificial one. This means that bacteria have more time for reproduction.
In addition, natural bristles are more difficult to disinfect: disinfectants penetrate deep into the structure of the villi and are very difficult to wash them from there.
This is not an advertisement, just this option turned out to be convenient for both producers and consumers. If you come to the store and look at the stand with toothbrushes, you will see that more than 2/3 of them are medium-hard toothbrushes.
But a convenient choice does not mean the right one. Remember, everything is individual. For someone, a medium-hard brush will be ineffective, while for some, it may, on the contrary, injure the gums and tooth enamel.
If you do not know what degree of rigidity will suit you, consult with a specialist. The criterion “if the gums do not bleed, it means everything is normal” does not fit, because the hardness of the brush affects not only the gums, but also the enamel of the teeth. And how strong is your enamel – only a dentist can say.
Therefore, if you do not want to clean your teeth with a medium hard brush for several years, come to the doctor and find out about cracks on the enamel, do not be lazy and make an appointment now.
Not. Choose an electric brush should be based on what your enamel. If you do not know, do not buy an electric brush.
Many models are not designed for soft or damaged enamel, they very strongly and often “rub” the teeth and can severely traumatize it. Dentists generally do not recommend that children under the age of 8–12 years old, who have mainly milk teeth, buy an electric toothbrush.
“Everything is poison, everything is medicine.” One wise man said. To prevent your toothbrush from literally poisoning your life, keep in mind that:
In no case do not pour boiling water over the brush! This is a terrible relic of our Soviet past for modern brushes. In the USSR, the brush market left much to be desired, and people mostly used hard brushes made of natural bristles or solid nylon.
The procedure of immersion in boiling water before first use allowed to make the fibers softer.
But it’s the 21st century, and the rules have changed. The bristles are made of soft synthetic materials, even if it is written on the brush that it is as hard as possible. These materials are not intended for high temperature experiments.
Therefore, after testing with boiling water, a modern brush can be simply thrown out. If you want to disinfect a new toothbrush, use special disinfectants and warm water for this.
10 million bacteria live on a toothbrush! Brushing your teeth, splashes from washing, washing and even precipitation from an air freshener (if you have a bathroom combined) – all this leads to the fact that the toothbrush is very quickly placed by this breeding ground of microbes.
During the last study, British scientists from the University of Manchester found that, in addition to completely harmless germs, there are bacteria for Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus on toothbrushes. They outlined a number of possible sources of contamination: these are directly the bristles of the toothbrushes themselves, infected with oral bacteria, water splashes in the sink / bath when you wash your hands or wash, and water splashes when you flush the toilet.
How to protect your toothbrush?
First, stop using a plastic case. If you think that it will protect the brush from germs, then you are mistaken.
The case prevents quick drying of the bristles, and warm air in the bathroom and humidity, as is well known, contribute to the rapid reproduction of pathogens.
Secondly, periodically (but not constantly) use toothpastes with triclosan – a broad-spectrum antibacterial component. Do not rinse, but thoroughly wash the brush after each use and, if possible, store household toothbrushes in different cups at some distance from each other.
And finally, if you have a combined bathroom, be sure to close the toilet lid before flushing (and, if possible, keep it closed) to avoid the spread of bacteria and viruses in the air.
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