Главная 7 Child development 7 Summer misfortune: worms in children

Summer misfortune: worms in children

Summer misfortune: worms in children

Worms, or helminths, are a group of parasitic worms. For their “prosperity” they definitely need a master – a living being whose body will become not only a temporary or permanent haven of these microorganisms, but also a source of their nutrition. In our latitudes, roundworms and pinworms are most common.

Such “guests” can cause or exacerbate the well-known and characteristic problems for many children: allergies, digestive disorders, reduced immunity. That is why it is so important to detect and neutralize parasites in time.

Ascaris – round white worms 30–35 cm long and 5 mm in diameter – cause ascariasis. Many of our four-legged friends are carriers of the eggs of these helminths and generously fertilize the soil with them where kids walk.

With dirty hands or unwashed vegetables, fruits and berries, Ascaris eggs enter the digestive tract, where larvae appear from them. The latter travel through the body through the bloodstream and “settle” in the small intestine.

One or more ascarids are harmless and cause no painful symptoms. But if there are a lot of them, the child begins to lose weight, get tired quickly, his temperature rises slightly, he complains of headaches and abdominal pains, nausea.

Sometimes roundworms, traveling around the body, enter the lungs and trachea and can cause bronchitis or pneumonia.

Pinworms – small whitish, slightly curved round worms ranging in length from 2 cm (males) to 12 mm (females) – can cause enterobiosis. They live in the cecum and the appendix and usually do not show themselves.

The baby begins to feel something only after the female crawls out of the anus to lay eggs. At the same time, it releases irritating substances to the skin, which causes itching. Scarce combs the skin in the perineum, the eggs fall under the nails, and from there into the mouth.

And the whole cycle repeats again. The main symptom of enterobiosis is itching in the anus, which interferes with sleep. As a result – weight loss, the child becomes restless, loses appetite.

If pinworms get into the genitals, girls may develop vulvovaginitis, and boys may develop inflammation of the foreskin.

If you suspect infection with worms, contact your pediatrician or infectious disease physician. The doctor will prescribe an analysis of feces on the eggs of worms, and if you suspect enterobiosis, a scraping from the wall of the anus. Consider that a negative result does not mean anything: worms do not lay eggs every day.

Therefore, for reliability, both analyzes should be taken three times at intervals of 1-3 days. If the baby is constantly in contact with a pet, you should undergo an in-depth examination.

In this case, a special blood test is also made to identify antibodies, or immunoglobulins of class E and G (Ig E and G), to helminths.

According to the research results, a course of treatment with antiparasitic drugs is prescribed. Do not try to expel worms yourself. Anthelmintic drugs, their dose and duration of administration should be determined only by a specialist.

This applies to all such remedies, since their dose depends on the age and weight of the child, and the duration of treatment and the multiplicity of drug intake courses differ. And while taking some of them you need to follow a certain diet.

Similar recommendations can also give only a doctor.

In order not to get worms, it is enough to follow the usual rules of hygiene. Enter a rule and make sure that the baby after the games, walks and every visit to the toilet, and before eating wash your hands.

If there is a pet in the house, teach your child to wash his hands and after each contact with him.

О admin

x

Check Also

Conflicts of parents: what is the use and harm for children

Almost every weekend in the family of Olga and Sergey takes place the same battle, ...

Entertaining story: baby care yesterday and today

At the end of the XIX century in the families of aristocrats, both boys and ...

To give birth with her husband?

Marina Shalimova, obstetrician-gynecologist, trainer in the Partnership in Births program: “If you really want a ...

When does the baby start chewing?

By 4-6 months, the baby can swallow more dense foods than breast milk or formula. ...

Analysis of the composition: why do not “work” fashionable diets

The mad rhythm of modern life has left an imprint on our way of thinking: ...

For two? For two!

Experts say: “Waiting for a baby is necessary not for two, but for two.” So ...

Stocking up vitamins for the winter

In the rank of vitamins and vitamin-like substances erected 20 chemical compounds. In vegetables and ...

How to make a contract with a nanny?

The most important thing for parents is the health and well-being of the child. This ...

What exercise is harmful for girls

Often, coaches offer high physical exertion, preparing children for results at competitions and disregarding sexual ...

Sports: a guide for parents

Of course, barely born, the baby is unlikely to be ready to push-ups or swing ...

Chew on health!

In order for a crumb to learn to chew, it is very important to introduce ...

Board games for boys: what to inspire fidget at home

Age: from 7 years Number of players: 2-4 Play time: 60-90 minutes Manufacturer: Magellan Develops: ...

I do not want to be treated!

Every time the same thing. Only you bring a spoon with an antibiotic to the ...

How to choose fruits and vegetables?

It is logical that vegetables and fruits, on which the least pesticides settle, have a ...

Dog and baby in the same apartment: the rules of a safe hostel

A dog is not an older brother or sister. Words cannot explain to her that ...

Modern methods of examination of pregnant women

Since the end of the twentieth century, the practice of obstetricians has included achievements in ...

Are we wrong raising boys?

“I don’t understand why today boys grow up drooling and weaklings? I remember when I, ...

Irina Gavrilova: life hacking happiness

Irina, congratulations on your birth! What is the name of the baby? – Fevronia. My ...

How quietly to put a man on a diet

There is nothing shameful or indecent about it. Intelligent and enlightened women are doing just ...

Game element

The child can play everywhere – in the crib, playpen, in the highchair. The kid ...

Zhka goes to school, or the Adventures of a three-hundred-year-old girl ”

She would go on ignorantly and beat baklushi, but her beloved grandmother Yaga decided to ...

How to prepare a child for school

Dmitry Tyutterin answered the questions of “Happy Parents”. – Summer is coming soon, and after ...

The winner of the competition “Dermatologists from the heart”

Dermatology Laboratory La Roche-Posay announced the winner of the program “Dermatologists from the heart.” A ...

Entertaining mythology (about pregnancy)

“Of course, I do not believe that a horseshoe brings good luck. But I heard ...