Stuttering is a violation of the tempo and fluency of speech. During a conversation, the baby has hesitancy, it can stretch syllables and sounds, or repeat them several times.
Similar phenomena are accompanied by muscular tension – cramps in the lips, tongue, palate and larynx. As a rule, a similar defect appears at the age from 2 to 5 years – during the formation of speech skills.
This ailment prevents the child from expressing his thoughts and becomes an obstacle in communication with peers. But if the parents turned to the specialists in time for help, in most cases it is possible to achieve a significant improvement or prolonged remission.
The sooner the correction is started, the more chances to cope with this difficult problem.
Such a speech disorder can provoke both diseases of the nervous system and ailments of the speech organs – pharynx, larynx, nose, and any situation unusual for a child. The probability of its occurrence increases with hereditary predisposition, if someone from a relative stutters, as well as with allergy sufferers and with frequent respiratory diseases.
Most often, such a disease occurs at an early age, when active speech development coincides with the “3-year crisis” and children react very emotionally to any abnormal situation. The trigger can be any stress: the beginning of a kindergarten visit, the divorce of parents, moving to another city.
So it is necessary to prepare the child in advance for the inevitable changes in lifestyle. A kid may begin to stutter even because of an excess of impressions – for example, after sitting too long at the TV or visiting a circus.
Try not to overload the baby: you need to develop the child, but you should consider his physical and intellectual abilities.
Such a deviation from the norm manifests itself in different ways. In some children, it becomes noticeable under stress, anxiety, in others it is seasonal: it increases in autumn and spring.
And someone pulls the sounds and repeats the syllables always the same, regardless of the time of day, season or situation.
Treatment should be comprehensive. For proper diagnosis and choice of tactics for treating a child, it is necessary to show a speech therapist, a psychiatrist and a psychologist.
The psychiatrist will send a baby for an examination – USDG (Doppler ultrasound – check of vascular function), echo-EG (ultrasound examination of the brain). According to the results of the examination and after the examination of the medical specialists, a method of treatment will be chosen, medicines are selected.
Speech therapist will work on pronunciation, achieve a rhythmic, smooth and expressive speech. The psychologist will give recommendations on how to behave with the baby, teach you to properly communicate with him.
If stuttering suddenly arises, first of all it is necessary to eliminate the situation that traumatizes the psyche of the baby, to create for him a comfortable psychological atmosphere. With prolonged stuttering, it is necessary to focus on classes that are not related to speech, such as the development of fine motor skills.
Massage, dance exercises also help to solve the problem.
Computer programs based on a biofeedback system are also used as an aid. The child utters the word into the microphone, and the program slightly delays his speech, so that the baby hears his voice with a delay and tries to adjust to it.
Gradually, speech becomes smooth and smooth.