Experts are unanimous: the best food for a baby is breast milk. It will provide not only its harmonious development and strengthen health in childhood, but also lay a solid foundation for the future. It is known that mother’s milk helps to form the immune system, reduces the risk of the emergence of many diseases (food allergies, obesity and even diabetes).
And if the baby has serious problems: frequent regurgitation, colic, constipation, allergies, – should he continue to breastfeed? Of course!
Only it is necessary to reconsider the regime of feeding, the technique and the diet of the young mother. A pediatrician observing a child will help.
And what if the problems with digestion appeared in an artificial child? In this case, the doctor will prescribe him a medical mixture. When food allergies – products based on protein hydrolysates, with lactase deficiency – low and lactose free, with constipation – mixtures with lactulose or gum (gluten) carob, with regurgitation – products with gum or starch.
Helping in solving a specific problem, all medical mixtures, of course, provide for the needs of babies in all essential nutrients and energy.
For children 1 year of age, cow milk protein becomes one of the main allergens. That is why small allergy sufferers are prescribed mixtures, the basis of which is not whole protein, but strongly split – highly hydrolyzed.
Expert commentary: The finer protein is cleaved, the less its ability to cause a painful reaction. The allergenicity of this component in deep hydrolysates is reduced by 10,000–100,000 times!
In the composition of such mixtures there is no lactose, because the reaction to cow’s milk protein is often accompanied by lactose intolerance.
If the kid is only at risk of becoming an allergic person, he will use products based on partially digested protein – a mixture of shallow hydrolysis. Allergenicity of protein in them is reduced less – by 300–1000 times. Such products are more natural for the body of the baby compared to highly hydrolyzed.
They contain lactose, which is necessary for the growth of bifidobacteria, the absorption of many minerals.
Expert commentary: They replace part of the fat in the mixture. These compounds are more easily absorbed, without requiring tension of the pancreas, which usually suffers from food allergies.
And still, CCT is added to mixtures that help to cope with intestinal infections, digestive disorders.
Therapeutic mixtures addressed to babies, for whom this problem has become too serious, are distinguished by their particular viscosity due to the introduction of specialized thickeners.
Expert commentary: Two types of complex carbohydrates are used as such thickeners: carob gluten (gum) or starch. These natural substances make the food lump denser, and “send” it back to the stomach will be more difficult.
Mixtures containing gum, and even weak, helping to get rid of constipation, because it has the property to make the food lump large in size, loose and enhances the work of the intestine.
To soften the chair and gently push the intestines to work, special substances are added to the mixtures – lactulose and gum.
Expert commentary: The therapeutic effect of mixtures containing lactulose, is that it is not digested by enzymes in the small intestine and enters the lower intestine, where it is broken down by bacteria. And the products of this cleavage stimulate the growth of beneficial microorganisms, increase the acidity in the lumen of the intestine, and thus increase its work.
Lactulose not only stimulates contractions of the intestine, but also makes the stool softer, helping the kid to cope with it easily.
Appears due to lack of the lactase enzyme in the small intestine. It is needed for the breakdown of the main carbohydrate milk – lactose.
Depending on the degree of deficiency, the doctor prescribes a low-lactose or non-caustic mixture to the baby.
Expert commentary: In the composition of carbohydrate mixtures, lactose is replaced by others: glucose, maltodextrin, corn starch, and so on. They will serve the kid as a source of energy.
Expert commentary: They are administered in the form of various compounds that are well absorbed in the body. Iron – in the form of sulfate or lactate; magnesium – sulphate, chloride, carbonate, citrate; copper, zinc and manganese sulphate; selenium – in the form of sodium selenite; iodine – in the form of potassium iodide