For a newborn, noise is not a discovery. It used to be thought that the embryo developed in the womb in complete silence. Now we know that a continuous rumble reigns in the mother’s body: gurgling, heartbeat, rumbling of the abdomen.
However, this does not mean that the baby is easy to tolerate sound pollution of the atmosphere. A rural child mostly encounters pleasant sounds: birds singing, wind rustling in the foliage, the distant rumble of tractors … A city child is spoiled much less: from the height of his stroller, a small citizen hears all the nuances of noisy streets.
Such littering of space tires a child and dulls the naturally sensitive children’s hearing.
At home, we can always muffle the noise coming from the street, but we do not always think about the unpleasant sound effects that inhabit the apartment from the best of intentions. This, for example, applies to electronic musical toys, which should be handled with a certain degree of caution. The baby loves everything that sounds, tinkles and plays melodies, but if the world is full of sounds, it becomes harder to play them yourself.
But babble and the ability to “taste” various sounds are necessary for mastering the language.
It has long been proven that the synthetic sound of push-button toys lacks volume. They are less accustomed to the ear of the baby for beauty than the simplest musical instruments: xylophone, whistle, mouth organ, tambourine, maracas, or even a simple plastic bottle with rice grains!
We do not always realize how actively sounds are involved in the development of a child. Meanwhile, they encourage him to train fine motor skills: if the movement is accompanied by a pleasant sound, the kid will repeat it to hear the sound effect that he likes again.
Hence, this undisguised desire to misuse our kitchenware. In addition, the sounds help to navigate in space.
Like adults, children are like in the center of the sphere and watch what happens around 360 °. They are able to determine where the sound comes from, if both ears “work” regularly.
But if one of them does not hear or hears worse due to otitis or rhinitis, these abilities disappear and the child is much less protected.
Despite the effectiveness of all five human senses, speech still remains an indispensable guide for information. The sounds that surround the newborn are meaningless until they are called by those who are nearby.
The first heard sound causes a physical reaction in the baby. Sometimes it is a desperate cry or just a bewildered look that accompanies any new impression. If an adult who is present at this discovery explains what is happening (“this is a train, it travels very fast,” “this is a coffee grinder,” “this is your uncle’s voice, it’s loud”), the information will be “recorded”.
Such verbal designations inhabit the sonic space of the child and eventually become familiar rituals that allow him to more easily survive separation from his mother. So, wish good night and the creaking of the closing door accompany bedding and comfort.
Without knowing the meaning of the words, the child perceives melodic changes in the voice. In all likelihood, he distinguishes the rising intonation of the beginning of communication and impulse from the intonation going down, which signals the end of communication.
And also he notices other changes in the pitch of the voice, which are designed to keep attention, calm, etc. Pause small children perceive as time that is set aside for them to “talk”, and fill it with long-drawn singing or recitatives.
Studies have once again confirmed maternal intuition. At all times, mothers spoke with their babies in their own special language. This language is rich intonation, it is characterized by a simple construction of phrases, repetitive vocabulary, playing with words and their sound.
In other words, the basis of the mother language is the musical beginning, and the voice when communicating with babies does not just comment on what is happening, but also becomes an integral part of the game.
In priceless moments of gentle communication and games, the adult and the child imitate each other. Together they repeat sounds or imitate the voices of animals.
Children do it better than adults who have forgotten how to use the amazing capabilities of their vocal apparatus. And the child still expresses unexpected strong emotions with the help of voice: fear, surprise, joy. Kids are also very interested in rhythm.
Children often accompany their “statements”: they tap a toy to the beat and at the same time they walk or prattle, that is, they combine movement and voice.
That is why nursery rhymes, melodies and lullabies, intended for very young children, are necessarily accompanied or completed by certain body movements: motion sickness, tickling, jumping.
Such song-games (“Forty-white-sided”, “Over the bumps, over the bumps”, “Rain, rain, Pushcha”, “From the goose-water”), counts and lullabies (“The gray top will come”) exist in all languages, and This suggests that they are indispensable for the overall development of the child. The movements become reference points that form the musical memory and build a system of perception of space and time, and this can be both folklore and modern songs.
It doesn’t matter if you sing or false, remember the words or compose a little.
First we sing for the child, and then with him. If you sing to him often, by two years he will surely recognize the motives of the songs and, even if you sing it without words, will pronounce the name or a line from the text.
And with the help of a gesture or a word, he can “order” his favorite song.
The child is not programmed to listen to special “children’s” music. Let it be better to listen to a concert performed by a real orchestra than its computer adapted version. The music you love is easier to add, and that’s the secret.
If the elder sister of a two-year-old karapuz loves rap, then she will be perfect for the baby and he will dance under it.
Receiving a “musical education” in the family, the child himself develops hearing through sound and voice games. He finds extensive material for them in everyday life: a spoon knocks on a plate, a bed squeaks, a toy duck falls into the water with a splash. Nature also provides the child with an inexhaustible source of sounds: wind, rain, the sound of footsteps on the gravel.
Imitating cow mooing or the howling of the wind, the baby tames the fear that arises when he encounters these phenomena that are incomprehensible to him.