Prevention of flatfoot in children begins before the birth of the child. Very much depends on the future mother’s lifestyle, her nutrition (lack of calcium and phosphorus during pregnancy can provoke in the future flat feet in a baby).
At preschool age, prevention of flatfoot primarily includes physical activity and a mobile lifestyle, as well as preventive examinations at an orthopedic surgeon.
The first acquaintance with the orthopedist should take place at the age of 1 month. This will eliminate congenital deformities and skeletal diseases.
The second and third time consultation is necessary in 3 and 6 months, during this period it is possible to determine rickets.
The year is another date of obligatory visits to a specialist. The baby is already actively moving independently, and it is necessary to check whether the spine and the mobility of the joints are formed correctly.
1) Choose shoes correctly! Not only the appearance and size are important, it should ensure the correct position of the foot.
Pay attention to the presence of a soft arch support (it helps the leg to be properly formed), a hard backdrop and a small heel, not more than 1-1.5 cm. Reliable fastener fasteners are required. These can be shoelaces or velcro, the main thing is that they securely and gently fix the foot.
The sole should be soft and elastic, so that nothing restricts the work of the muscles when walking. Avoid shoes made of hard and non-natural materials. The shoe should have a round toe in which all the fingers lie loose.
From the longest finger to the edge of the sock should be at least 0.5, and preferably 1 cm of free space.
Another golden rule is to buy new shoes for your child: worn shoes of an older brother can be harmful.
2) Go barefoot! Try to give your child the opportunity to step not only on hard parquet or asphalt.
Walking with bare feet on green grass, warm earth, sand and pebbles is useful for the formation and development of children’s feet and fun and enjoyable for the child himself!
3) Exercise! Exercises for the prevention of flatfoot can be turned into a fun game. You and your child can walk on their toes, then on the heels and outer edges of the foot.
If there is a gymnastic stick in the house, it is useful for the kid to roll it with legs. Another useful fun – toes pick up small objects.
As soon as the crumb confidently stands on its feet – you can begin!
Since flat feet are weak muscles and ligaments, prevention of flat feet in kindergarten is aimed at strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the child. Such exercises as walking on the outer and inner sides of the feet, squats, running, jumping are used during morning exercises.
It helps to strengthen the muscles of the legs. Strengthens muscles and walking on uneven surfaces, for example, on an orthopedic mat, as well as exercises with hoops.